Jesuit, theologian and Spanish historian, born in Talavera de la Reina (Toledo) in 1535 and died February 15, 1624 in Toledo. He entered the society of Jesus at the age of 17. Student at San Francisco de Borja, was ordained a priest in 1561, and from the beginning, said such important qualities, which, at age 24, was appointed Professor of theology at the College in Rome; then went to teach the same subject in Messina and Sicily, and then taught literature Holy in Paris. Back in Spain, he settled in Toledo, where he distinguished himself in preaching, and obtained successively the positions of Synodal examiner and consultant of the Court of the Inquisition. Review the Edition Syriac New Testament, made by Arias Montano, whom Castro Leon and others accused of heresy, declared him innocent and acquitted so unfair accusation. He worked in the drafting of the Manual of the sacraments de Loaysa, and in the edition of the works of San Isidoro. He then undertook the publication of various works which are distinguished by the elegance of diction and its picturesque descriptions, both the fairness of their trials and true spirit of freedom and independence, very notable for the times in which they wrote and which caused harsh attacks and accusations, and even persecution in the reigns of Felipe III and Felipe II. The most notable of these works is Historiae de rebus Hispaniae libri XX, work first written in latin and later translated by the author to the Spanish, and that ranges from the most remote antiquity until the death of Fernando el Católico. It was reported by all educated Europe and served as inspiration to generations. Ticknor said of this work, that it joined the picturesque Chronicle and more sober history. The picturesque of the work was what motivated the attack by Pedro Mantuano to Mariana. Other works are: De rege et regis institutione, which the Parliament of Paris made to burn it by the hand of the executioner, which examines Mariana if there is law to punish a King's death, and decides the question affirmatively; Tractatus septem (1609), where he made an attack on bureaucracy and corruption; Of monetae mutatione, which attacked the monetary policy; De adventu Jacobi apostoli in Hispania, where he questioned the truth of the stay of Santiago in Spain; Pro textu Vulgatae, De morte et inmortalitate, in die mortis Christi and annis arabum.
Literary Renaissance in Spain.