Biography of Santiago Mariño (1788-1854)

Military and Venezuelan politician born in the Valley of the Holy Spirit, State of Nueva Esparta, July 25, 1788 and died in Victoria, Aragua State, on October 4, 1854. Important officer of the army of Venezuela during the independence and liberator of the East of the country, was mason in the 33rd degree.

Child studied at the island of Trinidad, a place where his family had been installed. He/She had his first participation in the war as a captain, in an expedition led by Manuel Villapol, whose goal was to dominate the insurrections of Guiana.

With the defeat of the second Republic, he/she emigrated to Trinidad. From there, and along with other compatriots, planned an invasion of the Venezuelan territory in order to release it. Marino was appointed head of the expedition, which managed in 1813 to free the provinces of Barcelona and Cumaná.

In 1814, he/she joined the army of Bolivar and took part in various battles. However, at the Congress of Angostura, he/she did not follow the guidelines of the liberator, which meant the dissolution of relationships.

In 1821, reconciled with Bolivar, the patriotic struggle continued. He/She participated, with the rank of Chief of staff, in the battle of Carabobo.

In 1821, supported the lifting of the general José Antonio Páez, and in 1830, the separation of Venezuela from the Gran Colombia. In 1834 it was presented as candidate to the Presidency of the Republic, however, was overthrown by José María Vargas. The following year, it undertook the movement known as "Revolution of the reforms". This charging was controlled by Paez, and Marino migrated to Curaçao, Jamaica, Haiti, and, finally, to New Granada.

In 1848 he/she returned to Venezuela and assumed the position of General Commander of the army of the Government of José Antonio Monagas. During the Presidency of José Gregorio Monagas, Marino withdrew from public life. He/She died in Victoria.


AZPURUA, RAMON. Biographical summary of general Santiago Mariño. Caracas: Tipografía Garrido, 1954.