Biography of René Marqués (1919-1979)

Narrator, essayist and Puerto Rican playwright, born in 1919 and died in 1979. Always considered as one of the major representatives of Existentialist current within the letters of his homeland, is meant, in addition, for his on advocacy of the disadvantaged classes and by his enthusiastic taking sides against American colonization that constantly threatens his people.

A highly critical perspective with the upper classes that occupy the oligarchy of Puerto Rico René Marqués offered a literary review of the mythic past of the island, review that, as tragic, was at the same time a major renovation of the Puerto Rican drama. Among its major theatrical pieces, it is bound to highlight Sun and the MacDonald (1952), Juan Bobo and the Lady of the West (1956), Shattered Suns (1961), La carreta (1961) and the House without clock (1962).

The Existentialist trend which warns these dramatic pieces (mainly in the cart), becomes much more pronounced in his works of narrative, to reach its maximum expression in the autobiographical novel the eve of man (1959) and collections of short stories titled another day our (1956) and a town called San Juan (1960). These three publications René Marqués shows a distressing existential concerns that approaches him, ideologically and stylistically, the best works of the great masters of this current, as Sartre and Camus.

In his continuing claim to the identity of Puerto Rico against the hegemonic temptations of the United States of America, René Marqués gave also the Puerto Rican docile (1962) printing, a test of social psychology where poured their ethical and political ideas.