Biography of George Marshall (1891-1975)

Director of American cinema, born on December 29, 1891 in Chicago, Illinois and died on February 17, 1975 in Los Angeles (California).


George Marshall began in films as an extra at the beginning of century. In 1916, he directed his first westerns, but by then, he had already started his facet as writer of comedies. Among his first titles are encuentraron Love completo Lariat (1916), The Man From Montana (1917), which dealt with the world of mining, or the adventures of Ruth (1919), a film serial of 15 episodes which saw its continuation in 1920 with Ruth in the rocks, also in a delivery of fifteen episodes. Also at that time began to lead Tom Mix in titles such as Prairie Trails (1920), Hands Off (1921), A Ridin' ' Romeo (1921) or After Your Own Heart (1921). At the beginning of the Decade of the 1920s he devoted himself with enthusiasm to the western and frequently went to serial deliveries. But when the silent period ended, Marshall began directing for the Vitaphone some documentary shorts around the world of golf. The Champion Bobby Jones lavished over several titles to explain the techniques of this sport: How I Play Golf (1930), A Round of Golf (1931) or The Medium Irons (1931), among other titles.

After trying luck with Westerns and the sports documentary, Marshall returned to its origins as a comic writer and went to Stan Laurel and Oliver Hardyin several films: the grandfather of the creature (1932), divorce and friendship (1932) or fishermen fish (1932); These served him training for another series of comic titles, this time starring Zasu Pitts and Thelma Todd, as The Old Bull (1932) or Alum and Eve (1932). Again throughout 1933 he returned to lead the golfer Bobby Jones in a new installment of several documentaries. The alternation of genres and different titles with the same players were characteristic of this era. In 1934 Marshall led Alice Faye in learned of sailors, a romantic comedy, and 365 nights in Hollywood, or the magic of music, both musicals. One of the best titles in the first half of the thirty was war without quarter (1935), starring Rochelle Hudson and César Romero and registered in the film's gangsters with great success. The rest of the decade led all sorts of stories, from A Message to García (1936), based on real events, so You Can't Cheat an Honest Man (1939), written and starring W. C. Fields, or the adaptation of the novel by Max Brand, Arizona (1939), a western comedy, winner of the National Film Registry, with Marlene Dietrich and James Stewart to head the cast.

In the forties started to be already very significant Marshall's film. It started with a classic history of the American western, of the famous brothers Dalton, sinister trails (1940), starring by Randolph Scott. That same year went to Bob Hope in cursed Castle, on the line of the theme of the haunted house, but with a comic, something very usual treatment at the time. In 1953, the director will carry out another version of this story, a legacy of fear, this time starring Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis. In the first half of the Decade, Marshall alternated with the musical western. Thus lived titles as Texas (1941), with William Holden and Glenn Ford, or the Valley of the Sun (1942), a mixture of comedy and adventure tailored to Lucille Ball, with the Ark of gold (1941) - which James Stewart considered his worst film - or fantasy of stars (1942), with a luxurious cast among which were Bing Crosby, Bob HopeFred MacMurray and Dorothy Lamour. Film, was also nominated for the Oscar for its soundtrack. Comfortable within the musical, the director would bear titles as the blonde hair of fire (1945) or The Perils of Pauline (1947) also nominated to the Oscar for the soundtrack.

In 1952, he directed one of its most notable westerns, wild one, the story of a white man -Charlton Heston- raised by the Indians, who will see his divided loyalty when you explode the war between the two peoples. Crazy rider (1954), he repeated the tandem already formed by Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis in a legacy of fear, but it will be the Great Houdini (1953), based on the novel by Harold Kellock, title star of that era. During the second half of the 1950s, Marshall continued not only exploring the relationships between natives and colonists: apart from Mombasa (1957) or The Guns of Fort Petticoat (1957), but that led to screen diverse texts. The work of Aristophanes moved to Kansas from 1880 gives rise to The Second Greatest Sex (1955); Jeff Chandler and Dorothy Malone were pillars of the Sky (1956), based on the novel by Heck Allen; and George Baker comic inspires the recruit (1957), the story of a misfit in the army, played by Jerry Lewis.

In 1962, Marshall paid its final tribute to the western with its participation in the conquest of the West. Henry Fonda, Gregory Peck, John Wayne, Richard Widmark, Carroll Baker , or Spencer Tracy (as Narrator) among others served to the spectacle that was guaranteed with the Cinerama system and which served to portray three generations of pioneers who left Albany in 1820 to find their own promised land. During the 1960's Marshall returned to be present at the Oscar ceremony. Papa's Delicate Condition (1963), based on the book by Corinne Griffith, won the award for best song: "Call Me Irresponsible". Marshall repeated with Bob Hope in Oops, I was wrong number! (1966) and eight on the Lam (1967), and with Jerry Lewis in fisherman fish (1969), the last title of the director for the film.

His last active years he dedicated them to television, directing episodes of series such as Cade completo Country (1971) and Hec Ramsey (1972). Three years later he died of pneumonia.


As director:

1916: Love's Lariat (and writer and co-producer). 1917: The Man from Montana (co-writer); Border Wolves (co-writer). 1918: The Embarrasement of Riches. 1919: The adventures of Ruth. 1920: Prairie Trails; Ruth on the rocks. 1921: Why trust Your Husband (and screenwriter); Hands off; To Ridin' Romeo (and screenwriter); After Your Own Heart. 1922: The Jolt (and screenwriter); Smiles Are Trumps; The lady from Longacre. 1923: Don Quickshot of the Rio Grande; The Haunted Valley; Men in the rough; Where is This West? 1924: The Back trail. 1926: Bad heart (and dir. of production). 1927: with drums and rockets (Co-Director and dir.) of production. 1930: How I Play Golf. 1931: a Round Of Golf; The Putter; The Medium Irons. 1932: The grandfather of the creature (co-directed with Ray McCarey); Divorce and friendship (and dir. of production and actor); Fishermen fish; Strictly Unreliable; The Soilers (short film); The Old bull; Alum And Eve. 1933: The Grip; Hip Action; Impact; Sweet Cookie; Easy on the Eyes; Hot Love. 1934: Learned of sailors; 365 nights in Hollywood; Virgin gold; Fine Points; Eva here. 1935: The magic of music; In old Kentucky; War without quarter; Ten dollars of increase; Life begins at forty. 1936: A Message to García. 1937: The Crime of Dr. Forbes; Can This Be Dixie? (and screenwriter); Nancy Steele is Missing!; Love Under Fire. 1938: Thus is born a fantasy; Hold That co-ed; The Battle of Broadway. 1939: You Can't Cheat An Honest Man; Arizona. 1940: Sinister paths; The damn horse. 1941: Texas; The Ark of gold. 1942: The Valley of the Sun; Hearts on fire; Fantasy star. 1943: True to Life; Riding High. 1944: IMPS with skirts. 1945: Murder, He Says; The blonde hair of fire; Stop with that blonde! 1946: The blue dahlia (and producer); Monsieur Beaucaire; Renegades. 1947: The Perils of Pauline; Variety Girl (and actor). 1948: roots of passion; Hazard. 1949: my Friend Irma. 1950: The King of the West; What life is! 1951: A Millionaire for Christy. 1952: The wild. 1953: Champions manufacturer; A legacy of fear; The Great Houdini. 1954: Crazy rider; Network modules; Duel in the jungle. 1955: Destry; The Second Greatest Sex. 1956: Pillars of the Sky. 1957: The Guns of Fort Petticoat; Beyond Mombasa; The recruit. 1958: Fury in the Valley. General imitation. 1959: How to catch a husband; It started with a kiss. 1966: A recalcitrant dead. 1961: Three Geisha House. 1962: The last blackmail; The conquest of the West (Co-Director). 1963: papa's Delicate Condition. 1964: The intrigue (Co-Director); The fury of cowards. 1966: Oops, I was wrong number! 1967: Eight in flight. 1968: keep that blonde! 1969: Angler fish.

As an actor:

1924: The Waiter's Ball. 1974: The Crazy World of Julius Vrooder.

As director of production:

1924: Sweet Homes; A Dog's Pal 1927: Wine, Women and Sauerkraut; Rumors For Rent; The Kangaroo Detective

Works for television [director of some chapters]:

1964: Daniel Boone (series). 1968: Here completo de Lucy (series). 1971: Cade completo Country (series). 1972: Hec Ramsey (series).