Biography of Francisco de Paula Martínez de la Rosa (1787-1862)

Writer and Spanish politician, was born in Granada on March 10, 1787 and died in Madrid on February 7, 1862. Of well-to-do merchant family, he studied at the school of José Garci-Pérez Vargas and at the age of twelve he entered University; There, he graduated and received his doctorate in Civil law, title which reached in 1804. It premiered on 17 April 1805, as Professor of Moral philosophy at the University of Granada. Liberal-minded, is one of the first representatives of the Spanish romantic theatre following the abandonment of the neoclassical forms. He was a member of exalted in the Cortes of Cadiz. Fernando VII, at the slow pace of the Court responsible for judging the Liberals of 1812, issued a Royal Decree, on December 15, 1815, which constituted a political statement without preamble or accepted. In this way, the King replaced the judicial verdict by a final decision of the sovereign authority. Fifty-one defendants were sentenced to terms of imprisonment, banishment or fine and confiscation of property. Among them, Argüelles, Canga-Argüelles and Martínez de la Rosa, who impose to eight years in prison. Minister of State in 1822, had to go into exile to France a year later.

Follower of Condillac, started very young to write verses, as the solemnity of Corpus Christi in Granada, Granada 1805, and odes to the attributes of God shining in the Eucharist Sacrosanta, posted in the same place and year. The Cádiz Academy made him honorary academic in 1805. Of overt patriotism, in 1808 he founded the journal of Granada; He was in charge of a diplomatic mission to Gibraltar and London. In 1809 wrote Zaragoza to aspire to a patriotic prize offered by the Central Board (to be published in London, 1811). Amorous, somewhat effeminate, friend of Alcalá Galiano, was vocal Cadiz of the Committee on freedom of press and Secretary of the Supreme Board of censorship at the time which entered into the controversy between Capmany and Quintana, against him, with his letter to the good Patriot disguised in Seville, grammarian by excellence, tireless critic of proclamations & c, Cádiz, 1811, published under the pseudonym of "The master of Polopos school". (attributed with ink to M. Frazquito of the r. in R-60167-11 of the library Nacional of Madrid).

Under the pseudonym naive tostado authored brochures as incompatibility of freedom Spanish with the restoration of the Inquisition and pennants of fire to the rancid philosopher, featured in Editor, no. 121 and 276, 13 October 1811 and 16 March 1812. The first was attacked by M.C., i.e. Manuel de Cos, found the Goblin 1 and 2. Followed with "Triumph of Mr. Inguanzo," and conversion of toasted naive (Editor, no. 123, 15 October 1811), and "Letter reconciliatoria", DMC, 2 November 1811, in which pretends to reconcile with M.C., for better zaherir it. COS believed that IOF and the naive are the same person. He also published an article by Editor, no. 347, 26 May 1812, always against the Inquisition, and a poetic "relief", still as naive, Editor, nºs 577 and 580, 11-14 January 1813. He wrote the comedy what can a job, 1812 Cádiz (represented in the Cadiz Theatre on 5 July 1812, 2nd ed. Madrid 1814, which ridiculed the Marquis de Villapanes according to P. Velez, apology, 1818, II, 29). He published an article in Editor, no. 318, 27 April 1812 (reprinted in Curt, no. 28, 28 April 1812), which came into the discussion on the critico-burlesco dictionary, and a political treatise entitled the revolution current of Spain, Granada 1813 (and before in the Spanish, London, 30 October and 10 November 1810) and wrote the tragedy La Viuda de Padilla1814.

Deputy for Granada to the courts of 1813-1814, equivocal earned the nickname of the Baron of beautiful rose, apparently invented B. j. Gallardo. He published a patriotic... speech... about the cause of Oudinot, Orihuela 1814, also entitled speech at the session of March 3 of this year, on the occasion of having given rise to discussion about the cause of Oudinot. He was the editor of El Universal, Madrid, January-May 1814. Arrested in Madrid on May 11, 1814, he was sent sick to the Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera, where only released the revolution of 1820. Already in March a boat moved him to the Peninsula. Now, in 1820, thought radically differently: rather than remember the French Revolution, was inspired by Bentham and Burke, which makes it moderately, in pastry - and hence his new nickname of Doña Rosita the pastry - and ultimately in a highly unpopular figure.

Member of courts by Granada, 1820-1822, issued brief remarks on the note passed to several cabinets by Austria, Russia and Prussia's as a result of the Congress of Troppa, Madrid 1821. Secretary of the Permanent Council of courts, a 4 February 1822 is insulted by the village next to Toreno and Moscoso. As Secretary of State, between 28 February and 5 August 1822 was engaging in the famous counterrevolution call of July 7. Soon would come several honors: academic of the national, section of moral and political sciences, in 1822-1823; Minister of State, in 1823. Years later was accused of having walked among the French, while power to the Liberals. The case is that he emigrated to France, 29 November 1823; He embarked at Marseille to Nice and traveled through Italy. In Paris he published his literary works in 1827-1830; Oedipus, in 1829; Morayma, in 1829; Aben-Humeya, in 1830 (historical drama in prose written originally in French, where it is narrated an episode of the rebellion of Moorish Granada; here, Martínez de la Rosa shows a clear influence of romanticism and the abandonment of neoclassicism characteristic of his earlier works); and the conspiracy of Venice (drama in prose that takes place in Venice at the beginning of the 14th century and which brings together many elements and motifs of the new romantic style), in 1830. This last work premiered at the Madrid theatre of the Prince on April 23, 1834 and was a great success.

He returned to Spain at the end of 1831, going to live in Granada. Then it appears his Poetics, Palm, 1831. In 1833 he published unfounded jealousy or the husband in the chimney, comedy; After his death, Fernando VII, gave printed a collection of his poetry, Madrid, 1833; his prayer of the Royal Spanish Academy to H.M. the Queen Governor, on the occasion of the solemn proclamation of his augusta daughter Doña Isabel II, Madrid, 1833; Hernán Pérez del Pulgar, that of the feats, Madrid, 1834. Was appointed Minister of State and President of the Council of Ministers, on 15 January 1834 and the 7 June 1835; He was acting Minister of war, from January 24 to February 17, 1834; Finally, conceived the called real, intermediate status between net absolutism and liberalism, but that did not convince anyone. He even accused him of the killing of the monks of 1834, for their inaction. Spirit of the century, published in 1835, 1836 and 1838 autoafirmativa historical narrative of his submissive philosophy.

Solicitor for Granada in 1834-1835, was later elected Deputy for Granada, Segovia and Oviedo, 1837-1838, charge that it became almost uninterruptedly until 1861-1862: in 1839 represented Oviedo; in 1840, he was elected by basin, Oviedo, Cadiz and Granada, but he opted for the latter; again, he was elected in the second legislature in 1843 by Granada and Madrid, and opted to Madrid; in 1844-1845 by Granada and Madrid, and opted for Granada; in 1846-1850, by Granada; from 1850 to 1854 first, Madrid; in 1857-1858, Madrid, although changed district (of wafer River); in 1859-1862, at last, by Granada. Apart from some speeches published Doña Isabel de Solís, Madrid, 1837; Book of children, Madrid, 1839; the wedding comedy and the duel, Madrid, 1839. From 1840 to 1843, he was again exiled in Paris, as part of the entourage of María Cristina and being admitted to the Institut Historique. He published Discours prononcé sur the question: quels sont les secours to Christophe Colomb at trouve à are époque dans les connaisances géographiques, Paris, 1841; Discours prononcé sur cette question: Quelle est l'influence of l'esprit du siècle actuel sur la Littérature?, Paris, 1842, and De la Civilisation au XIX siècle, Paris, 1843. He was Minister of State between August 21, 1844 and on 12 February 1846.

He joined the Academy of history on 26 May 1847 with a speech titled historical sketch of the policy of Spain at the time of the Austrian dynasty, published in Madrid in 1856. Ambassador in Rome in 1848, was one of those who prepared the flight of Pius IX to Gaeta, who was immediately honored, wrote the speech at the opening of the chairs of the scientific and literary Ateneo, Madrid, 1856. He returned to be Minister of State for the 1857 October 25 to 14 January 1858. He published the morality and 1858, the norm of human actions, Madrid, the patricidal, iMadrid, 1858, some speeches in the Athenaeum and the daughter at home and the mother in masks, Madrid, 1868 (posthumous). Martínez de la Rosa nicely encapsulates the history of Spanish liberalism, of the revolutionary theatre of his youth to the monarchical reaccionarismo back in his person.

Francisco Martínez de la Rosa, "The memory of the homeland".

A GIL NOVALES.