Biography of María Estela o Isabel Martínez de Perón (1931-VVVV)

Argentine politics, President of the Argentine Republic between 1974 and 1976, born on February 4, 1931 in the province of La Rioja. Name of birth María Estela Martínez letters, married once, it was known as Isabel Perón.

After having worked as a dancer of cabarets in several South American countries, in 1961 he/she married in Madrid the general j. D. Perón, who he/she had met in Panama during his period of exile in the country following his ouster as President of Argentina in 1955. He/She lived with her husband in the Spanish capital during thirteen years and then accompanied him on his return to Argentina on June 20, 1973. On 4 August of that year the Congress of the Peronist party (PJ) elected to the popularly-known as "Isabelita" (in reference to the artistic name of Isabel Gómez used in their performances) candidate for the Vice Presidency in the elections of September 23, 1974. The formula Peron-peron obtained a sweeping triumph (61.8% of the vote) and began his duties on October 12

On the death of the general, on July 1, 1974, his wife agreed automatically to the head of State; It became not only the first woman to achieve the Supreme Magistracy in America, but also the first to preside over a Republic in the world.

Perón took an extremely difficult political situation, with the profusion of attacks from right-wing organizations and divisions of the Peronist movement, some of whose more left-wing elements, the Montoneros, continued the armed struggle. He/She managed to retain some authority on peronism, by appealing to the memory of the late leader, but is aligned with the more right-wing sectors, whose visible head was dark Minister of Social Welfare, José López Rega, to which was attributed the possession of Royal power and the paternity of the fearsome Triple-A far-right organization. At the same time, Perón favored a radical shift in the economic tenets of traditional peronism, of strong social content, and embarked on a policy of openness to international capital and wage restraint.

Full spiral of violence and private ostensibly in support of the business community and the armed forces, on March 24, 1976 was overthrown by these in a coup d ' état, long feared, that gave way to a military Junta headed by general J. r. Videla. Perón was placed under arrest, a situation that lasted for the five following years.

On July 6, 1981 was released from prison and he/she could go to Madrid of having served two-thirds of the sentence before March 20 had imposed the Judicial Court of Buenos Aires, for a crime of embezzlement of funds allocated to works of charity and food aid. On May 20, 1984, months after restoring democracy, he/she returned to Argentina and on February 21, 1985 resigned as President of the Peronist party, since it occupied since the death of her husband, eleven years ago. It then set its final residency in Madrid.

In January 2007 Ia former Argentine President was arrested and charged with the kidnapping and disappearance of an opponent in 1976.