Biography of Manuel Antonio Martínez Murguía (1833-1923)

Historian, journalist, and Spanish man of letters, was born in Frexel-Arteixo (La Coruña) on May 17, 1833 and died in 1923; He/She was buried in the cemetery of San Amaro in La Coruña. He/She grew up in the bosom of a cultured and well-to-do family; the father, pharmacist, had married a guipuzcoana who gave his son the name that today is known. Although he/she began University studies in medicine at the Universidad Central de Madrid, failed to finish the race; However, he/she acquired a huge culture as inveterate reader that was and as a regular at literary gatherings of Madrid, which greatly emphasized his figure of Bohemian.

In its condition of Galician art critic and historian, was the first President of the Galician Academy, although he/she wrote most of his work in a Spanish praised by many of his contemporaries. As a clear reflection of romantic nationalism and the influence exerted by Giuseppe Mazzini, set out to write a history of Galicia (which came to write five volumes) which was intended to highlight the peculiarities of the spirit of its inhabitants and even the ethnic characteristics that distinguished them from the rest of the inhabitants of the Peninsula. As said by José Antonio Durán, maximum specialist in his work, "loved the ruins, kingdoms, cultures, languages, races threatened of extinction, and was Galician, lusitanista, eslavofilo, panceltista..."

As if it were part of its protest of Galicia, he/she married the poetess Rosalía de Castro, who had met in Madrid in 1858; next to it, the brilliant author of Cantares gallegos (1863), his galicianism was on the rise, although he/she had to pay a high price: the undeniable poetic mastery of his wife earned him unfair label that applied Clarin, for whom Murguia was a celebrity Consort. After the death of Rosalia, Murguía continued working intensely, but now from the side of politics, giving life to the Galician regionalism. Just then was created the Real Academia Galega, who chaired until his death.

His most important contribution to the literature was, as he/she has been said, the history of Galicia (1866-1880). His other works are a volume on Galicia (1888) in the series Spain: monuments and arts, and trials of the precursors (1885), which addresses the issue of the Renaissance of Galician letters. As a literary creator, he/she wrote numerous short stories was published in La Iberia and other so many graphic magazines; in them, he/she was outlining his characteristic galicianism, with stories and historical novels set in Galicia, although the decisive step just gave it to oscillate to prose erudite and, more specifically, to give himself to the writing of his magna history of Galicia. Identical longing Murguia as editor moved magazine illustration Galician and Asturian (1880-1883). In 2000, the Día das Galegas lyrics served as a tribute to this father of the letters and the national thought of Galicia.