Biography of Mauregato. King of Asturias (783-788)

Seventh King of Asturias from the 783 year until the date of his death. Born in place and dates unknown and died in Pravia in the year 788. He/She came to power after the removal of her nephew Alfonso II el Casto.

Natural son of Alfonso I the Catholicmonarch, it is unknown the identity of her mother, although most researchers agree that this must have been a captive of Muslim origin, with which the mentioned monarch maintained relations after being a widower, since it seems that maurae captae (mora' captive') comes from the etymology of its name, Mauregato.

Since its inception this should occupy a position highlighted in the Court of her father, but we ignore that condition was educated and positions held during the reign of his brother Fruela I and later with the Kings Aurelius and Silo, although you can sense that it should be far removed from the throne, as evidenced by the fact that is proclaimed King of Asturias, shortly after the death of the latter.

The arrival of Mauregato in power is described in the Chronicle of Alfonso III in the version dedicated to Sebastián (Ad Sebastinum) in the following way: "dead Silo, the Queen Adosinda and all Palace officials questioned the fatherly throne to Alfonso, son of his brother Fruela. But victim of his uncle Mauregato, eldest son of Alfonso the fraud, although born of a servant, driven out of the Kingdom was among relatives of his mother in Alava. Thus it seems clear that Mauregato taking advantage of the youth of his nephew and above all thank you though it should count on significant support among the nobility, managed to gain the power of almost fulminant form, although it seems that his advent was extremely violent, since the future Alfonso II el Casto managed to flee and Adosinda although lost much of its influenceShe was not forced to enter the convent of San Juan de Pravia until November 26, 785, approximately two years after the arrival of Mauregato to the throne. In this respect it should be noted that in the opinion of some scholars it is clear that Mauregato was supported by the Court of the first Umayyad, Abd al - Rahman I, emir which would explain his candidacy to prevail against Alfonso's, while at first it started with much disadvantage by his bastard son status.

Numerous props that counted Mauregato is that during the 5 years and 6 months that remained in power, it did not face any internal uprising, thus in the opinion of prestigious scholars as Menéndez Pidal must highlight that during these years there was a breakthrough in the Organization and administration of the Asturian Kingdomespecially in religious matters, since during this reign the Asturian monarchy reaffirmed his religious connection with Toledo independence, since the monarch heavily influenced by some of their bishops and especially by the character known as Beatus of Liébana, refused to accept the so-called adoptionist heresy, so it spread doctrine issued by the Archbishop of the aforementioned city of Toledowhich decided to accept this heresy in order to avoid the Court of Charlemagne, to achieve their purposes of obtaining its independence from the Toledo headquarters. Moreover, during the reign of Mauregato the cult of the Apostle Santiago developed deeply, thanks no doubt to the composition of the Jacobean anthem, which is dedicated to the monarch and became later an important dynamic element of the ideal of Reconquista.

With regard to the Muslims, Mauregato maintained the peace policy that their ancestors had developed. Thus after making new negotiations, he/she managed to buy peace at the expense of delivering important tributes to the emir of Cordoba, both in currency and in species, among them was the famous tribute of a hundred maidens. Although many historians are of the opinion that this was a simple legend created later, it is not strange that since the Court of Abd al-Rahman I they collect as a tribute women's skin and light eyes, since this type of women were highly valued as slaves throughout Al - Andalus.

Mauregato died in his court from Pravia by natural causes, as all the Asturian Chronicles, in the year 788 and was buried in the Church of San Juan. We do not know if this was married, although some sources claim that his wife was called Creusa, with whom he/she apparently had a son named Hermeregildo, although it has not been evidence of these data in the above mentioned Chronicles. Thus in the hypothetical case that Mauregato had descendants, these not were considered candidates for the throne by the nobles, which chose to Bermudo I Deacon, nephew of Alfonso I, as his successor.

Bibliography

GIL FERNANDEZ, j., MORALEJO, j. L., RUIZ DE LA PEÑA, J. I. Chronicles Asturianas. (Oviedo, Universidad de Oviedo, 1985).

JOVER ZAMORA, J. M. history of Spain. Muslim Spain (711-1031). (Madrid, Espasa-Calpe, 1994).

Martin, J. L. Manual of history of Spain. The medieval Spain. (Madrid, history 16, 1993).

MENÉNDEZ PIDAL, R. history of Spain. The beginning of the Reconquista (711-1038). (Madrid, Espasa-Calpe, 1976).

MENÉNDEZ PIDAL, R. history of Spain. Christian Spain from the 8th to the 11th. The United Astur-leones (722-1037). (Madrid, Espasa-Calpe, 1976).