Biography of Vladimir Vladimirovich Mayakovsky (1893-1930)

Russian poet, born in Baghdad (Georgia) in 1893 and died in Moscow in 1930. He spent his childhood in his hometown and in the nearby city of Kutaisi, where, from 1902, completed his secondary studies. On the death of his father, his family moved to Moscow. Vladimir was approached by clandestine organizations of the Bolshevik Party, and became active militant. In 1911, he entered the school of painting, sculpture and architecture from Moscow, where he met the painter Burliuk, who put him in contact with the Group of futurists. He participated in the vanguard represented movement and especially collaborated in the drafting of manifestos the slap in the face to the public taste 1912, and Cubism to suprematism, in 1915. After the revolution of 1917, he was a member of the IZO (section of the figurative arts of the Commissioner for public instruction), worked for the Russian Telegraph Agency and was editor of the magazine LEF, organ of the movement of the same name (left front of art). But very soon he collided with an official conception which, based on utilitarianism, ended up marginalizing it. He made numerous trips abroad and in 1925 visited America. In 1928, the LEF magazine ceased to exist, in part due to the attacks of the RAPP, the powerful Association of proletarian writers, which itself joined early in 1930, in an attempt to approximate to the mainstream. More and more disappointed, and due to the literary and emotional isolation in which is was, it sank in an imbalance that led to the suicide in April of 1930.

Apart from the provocative eccentricity of their vocabulary, their rhythms - breaking with the traditional rules of versification - excessive images and a violent Expressionism, his first poems left to glimpse a powerful personality, which would be its highest expression in the lyric poems of great extension. The originality of his lyricism was in the concrete character of the symbolic image of the poet. He tended to abolish all border between his intimate self and his literary character.

Among his works are especially Vladimir Maïakovski (1915), poems of surrealist inspiration; Ode to the revolution and our March (1918), which manifests its political commitment; 150,000,000 (1920), poem that hyperbolic figures Ivan and Wilson must represent the clash between the revolution and the capitalist world; The burocraciada, in 1922, against the bureaucracy; The bed bug, satirical piece; Baths, 1929, works fantastic; and A full voice, of 1930, unfinished.