Producer of American cinema, of Russian origin, born in Belarus on June 4, 1885 and died in 1957, which was one of the initiators of the American film industry. Born in Minsk, his family emigrated when he was still a child to Canada, and began working as a metal smelter. His entry into the business of film occurred in 1907, when it acquired a string of local display in New England. Later became Distributor, under the highly beneficial rights of distribution which governed in New England for the film the birth of a nation (1915), D.W. Griffith. In this world it remained until 1924, when Metro, Goldwyn and Mayer companies came together to form the MGM.
For at least two decades, Mayer became the best paid person in North America, and one of the most powerful, whose control were born stars like Greta Garbo, Clark Gable, Judy Garland, Spencer Tracy and Elizabeth Taylor and bass were emblematic movies in cinema history. Mayer also participated in the creation of the Academy of Arts and cinematographic Sciences (1927) and was President of the Association of producers (1931-36). In 1950 the Academy offered a tribute and, the following year, withdrew.