Biography of Mentuemhat o Montuemhat (ca. 680-648 a.C.)

(Mntjw-m-hat) Fourth Prophet of Amun in Karnak, second Prophet, Chief of the prophets of all the gods of the South and North, Mayor of Thebes and Governor of the high Egypt, son of Nesptah I and Istemkheb, noble black Ethiopian family.

Mentuemhat began to have political power beside the divine wife of Amun, Shepenupet II, daughter of King Piankhi, power increased during the reign of the Ethiopian Pharaoh Taharqa (25th dynasty) and then in the Psamm├ętico I (dynasty XXVI). Mentuemhat is cited in the cylinder Rassam, from the time of the Assyrian king Assurbanipal, as "King of Thebes", but there is no historical evidence that had been done with the power. His authority, however, was recognized from elephantine to Hermopolis, and his political skills enabled him to be respected by the Assyrians, who however it underwent, and had to pay tribute. He/She thus survived the sacking of Thebes of 661 A.d. carried out by troops of Assurbanipal and which we know from an inscription of the own Mentuemhat in the Temple of Mut at Karnak. In any case, Mentuemhat managed to not be removed from office by the new Pharaoh Psammetico I, imposed by the Assyrian invaders. However, after long talks in 656 BC, Mentuemhat had to abide by the interests of the new King saita and accept his daughter Nitocris I as great wife of Amon (Estela de la Adopci├│n), whereupon the religious power of Shepenupet II and, indirectly, their own political power is decreased.Mentuemhat married with Neskhons, mother of his heir, Nesptah II, and then with Shepenmut and Udjarenes, a Nubian Princess. He/She made a vast construction program and plastic, in the framework of which rose up and restored many civil and religious buildings and carved out numerous statues of gods. His grave, one of the larger tombs of the Theban necropolis (El-Asasif), private presents the appearance of a funerary Palace comprised two courtyards to open sky and numerous underground chambers with reliefs and autobiographical texts. Such character have survived several sculptural representations, including a high-relief of granite which is contained him with his son Nesptah II and two magnificent statues in grey granite: a seated (50 cm tall), today preserved in the Cairo Museum, and another 1 ' 35 m of altitude, in the Egyptian Museum of Berlin (both were found in Karnak).