(Mr-n-Pth) Fourth King of the nineteenth Egyptian dynasty, tenth son third of Rameses II and successor of this. With Merenptah, fourth son of the Royal wife Iset-Neferet, who reached a considerable age power (about 60 years), began the decline of the nineteenth dynasty. Followers of his father, and after having killed two of his older brothers, chosen as heirs, acted as it corregente in the last twelve years of the reign of Rameses II. Among the most glorious facts of his reign (his name's Coronation was the Baenre) have been arrested in the delta, near Pi-ire (Pi-yer), an invasion is of Libyans and sea peoples (luka akiwasha, tursha, sahrden, shekelesh), led by King Meryey, fact happened at the end of its fifth year of reign and known by the historical inscription of Karnakfixed in the this wall area of the seventh pylon, the Athribis stele, and the anthem of victory of the famous Israel Estela (granite and 3'18 m in height), both now treasured in the Museum of Cairo. Hatti and their King Arnuwandas III, Merneptah continued friendly relations, sending to that country food and grain to alleviate the damage caused by the peoples of the sea harvests or to make against any famine (today, however, questions this help). Also, his troops led a victorious campaign by Palestinian land and that referred to by the aforementioned Estela from Israel, where historical document for the first time refers to such people, and for the registration of a stele from Amada Temple (Nubia), left here on the occasion of a fast RAID by the Nubian areas of the medjay. Merneptah is considered by some Egyptologists as the Pharaoh of the exodus of the Hebrews, while there is no Egyptian sources corroborating this assumption. Moreover, the fact of having found his Mummy not in his tomb in the Valley of the Kings, but in Amenhotep II, would be proof that not may have died in the Red Sea chasing after Moses. After his death, the country was mired in the most absolute disorder, as reflected in the elephantine stele and the Harris Papyrus. Although reached it Sethi II, the rightful heir, son of Merneptah, his wife and sister Iset-Neferet, it was soon section by one of his own sons, called Amenmessesand it has sparked a struggle for the throne. However, the legitimate Sethi II would recover power. Among the characters of his time must quote the vizier Panehesy, the Viceroys of Kush, called Messuy and Khaemtir, and the great priest of Amun, Rama-rey. Merenptah have reached some statues, emphasizing among them the Metropolitan Museum of New York and the different from the Cairo museum.