Biography of Hannes Meyer (1889-1954)

Swiss architect, born in 1889 in Basel and died in 1954 in Crocifisso di Savosa. It was first draftsman, as well as bricklayer. He combined his studies of architecture with his first works. He attended classes of architecture at the universities of Berlin, Technische Hochschule and the Kunstgewerbeschule.

His first works as an architect evoke a classical language, as the Cologne Freidorf (Muttenz, Basel 1919-1924) is denoted where his interest in the standardization of housing in communities.In 1921 he joined the leftist group ABC (Basel), where he performed several projects for the design of social buildings, with a functional approach.In 1926 he wrote the essay the new world, published in Dors Weik.En 1927 became a part of the Bauhaus, and soon occupied the post of director in replacement of Walter Gropius (1978). L. Hilberseimer was then when he organized the Bauhaus in four departments (architecture, advertising, production and tissue) appearing for the first time in the Department of architecture, that would be assigned by the own H. Meyer to the urbanist. The intervention of Meyer in the Bauhaus decisively influenced the designs of prefabricated houses.Because of his radical political, Communist ideology, it was becoming the target of attacks from the right, to the point of being replaced at the request of the Mayor of Dessou.En 1930 architect Mies took his place Van der Rohe.Con the arrival of Nazism to power was forced to leave the country, as well as Walter Gropius during a timeMendelsohn or the own Mies, for that from 1930 to 1936 he worked in the USSR, in Switzerland and in Centroamerica.su most important work was the project for the Palacio of the League of Nations, carried out together with his partner Hans Wittwer in 1926, which gave clear signs of Constructivism. The approach opened (via transparency) of the building was subscribed to different interpretations. It had capacity to House 3000 people in your space of transit, as well as 550 units of office. The great Hall of the Palace enjoyed excellent acoustics and had daylight (sawtooth lighting), counting with a capacity of 2600 people.Other works of interest are: the Peterschule (Basel, 1926) and the Federal School for the ADGB, where has taught classes for workers unions, characterized by the flexibility in the game of its elements.

Bibliography

BENEVOLENT, l.-history of the architecture modern. Barcelona, Ed. Gustavo Gili, 1994.

FRAMPTON, k.-history criticism of the architecture modern. Barcelona, Ed. Gustavo Gili, 1994.

FUSCO, r. - history of contemporary architecture. Madrid, 1986.

MEYER, HANS - Hans Meyer architects: 1889-1954 scriften der zwanziger Johra im reprint. Baden, 1990.