German composer, born in Berlin and whose real name was Jackob-Liebmann Berr. He/She was a disciple of Lauska, Clementi, Zelter, B. A. Weber and Vogler. Started in the theatre with the cantata Gott und die Natur (1811) and the opera La fille de Japhte (1813). His first big win came with Il Crociato in Egitto, premiered at la Fenice in Venice in 1824 and who, after being mounted in Paris, is represented in most of the opera houses of the world. He/She was appointed court composer grand ducal Hesse in the French capital, he/she then went to Vienna and finally to Italy where, advised by Salieri, furthered her studies. The success achieved in Paris led him to settle in this city and decided to change his style, until then inspired by Italian masters. Created by Robert le Diable (1831), where harmony is German, the Italian song and the French rate. Its peak came with Les Huguenots (1836), which although it was acclaimed by his contemporaries, was received with many reservations by critics and musicians. Its big operas also include Le Prophète (1849) and L'Africaine (1865).