Biography of Miguel Miramón (1831-1867)

Military and Mexican politician, President of the Republic in 1859 and 1860, born in the city of Mexico in 1831 and died, executed in Queretaro in 1867. Militant conservative in 1853 fought against liberals who proclaimed the plan de Ayutla. After the triumph of these and the loss of the power of Santa Anna, fled to Puebla to Ignacio Comonfort. During the Guerra de Reforma he/she served at first as a Lieutenant of the General Osollo. To his death, it emerged as head of the conservatives. As maximum leader of the army of the North won repeated victories against Vadaurri and reached the rank of Division General in 1858. In that year it was Prime Minister Félix Zuloaga, who was replaced in 1859 by Miramón, who on 13 August 1860 put power in the hands of the President of the Supreme Court of Justice, José Ignacio Pavón. As elected President, general Miramón got again, by majority vote, the Presidency of the Republic on August 15, 1860.

He is prepared to fight the liberal Government of Benito Juárez , who had settled in Veracruz. He/She attempted to besiege that square, something that failed, while his administration was weakening economically. He/She attempted to besiege new Veracruz, even came to propose an arrangement to the Liberals of Juarez, which it rejected. In 1860 he/she was defeated by the head of the Liberals González Ortega, which put an end to the war of reform. After the defeat, he/she was exiled in Havana and thence Queen Isabel II moved to Europe, first to France, where he/she received Napoleón III, and later in Spain. After passing through Italy, he/she returned to Mexico when there was foreign intervention (1863) and offered his services to the Emperor Maximiliano, but this sent him to Berlin to study military tactics. He/She returned to Mexico in 1866 when Maximiliano was about to abdicate. Miramon encouraged him to resist and was appointed head of one of the three big bodies in which divided the imperial army. He/She carried out the attack on Zacatecas, where he/she was about to apprehend Juarez. He/She defended, until its fall, time in which he/she was taken prisoner. He/She was sentenced at the same time as Mejía and Maximiliano and executed in bells Hill, on June 19, 1867. Maximiliano ceded the Center as a "fighter's honour". His body was taken to the city of Mexico and was buried in the cemetery of San Fernando, to be finally transferred, in 1896, to the Cathedral of Puebla.