Biography of Octave Mirbeau (1850-1917)

Narrator and French playwright, born in Trévières in 1850 and died in Paris in 1917. Author of a brilliant novelistic and stage production that is characterized by its realistic tone, its reflection of the concerns of the people of his time, his construction of deranged and tormented characters, and his presentation of miserable and shady environments, reached a remarkable literary reputation in his time due to the crudeness with which knew how to describe the degradation of bourgeois society in France of late 19th century and the beginning of the following century.

Inclined from his youth to the cultivation of literary creation, he/she began to earn the respect of critics and readers during the second half of the 1980s, when that gave to press a series of novels of extraordinary realistic harshness for his torn and direct presentation of the miseries of the human condition, soon reserved you a gap between the great French naturalist writers. These first and successful novels of Octave Mirbeau - which soon made him one of the favorite authors of the readers of the time-include the titles of Le Calvaire (Calvary, 1886), La famille Cannettes (family Cannettes, 1888) and L' Abbé Jules (Abbé Jules, 1888).

Delving into that naturalist line that was pleased to reflect raw natural decomposition of the bourgeois class, the narrator of Trévières gave to the press in the last years of the 19th century which would become his most famous novels, Le garden des supplices (torture, 1898 garden) - perhaps, among all their narratives, the set in the most sordid atmosphere - andespecially Le journal d' a femme de chambre (diary of a Chambermaid, 1900), work which, by its boldness in the painting of the sexual vices of the French bourgeoisie, was a loud scandal from which the fame of Octave Mirbeau profited. The psychological complexity of his characters - usually, tormented by a wide range of neurotic taras - reached its highest of decomposition in the extensive narration entitled Les 21 jours d' a neurasthenic (the 21 jours d'un neurasthénique, 1901).

In his role as playwright, Octave Mirbeau continued whipping classes medium and high society of his time, although with less rigour and roughness than in his novels, largely since the introduction of some humorous ingredients in their plays reduced the degree of tension achieved by almost all of their stories. This is evident in his dramatic text most applauded by critics and public, Les affaires sont les affaires (business is business 1903), a splendid satirical comedy that, from the day of its premiere, placed him among the most prominent voices of the French at the beginning of 20th century dramatic literature. Previously, the writer of Trévières already had triumphed on the Parisian stages with other parts as Vieux Ménages (old marriages, 1900) and Scrupules (scruples, 1902).