Biography of Guy Mollet (1905-1975)

French politician, President of the Republic since 31 January 1956 until May 21, 1957, in the town of Flers, born on December 31, 1905 and died in Paris, on October 3, 1975.

Of humble origins, his parents belonged to the working class, he/she began his studies in his native city. After finishing high school, in the year 1922, leaned by the study of science, especially math, since he/she planned to join the army of his country and make a career in the merchant marine. Finally Mollet abandoned this purpose and leaned by the study of the English language, in this way after obtaining his degree, he/she began to teach at the city of Arras.

In 1923 he/she came into contact with the ideas of the French section of the international workers ' (SFIO), which years later would lead to the birth of the French Socialist Party. Mollet, soon went on to become a very active militant, in this way, stood at the head of one of the first French unions of teachers. During the years he/she served as a teacher, from 1925 until 1936, he/she combined this work with their trade union activities, which faced him on numerous occasions with the employer, since he/she fought for improvements in the quality of life of the teachers, especially of tutors. Finally, in 1936, after the creation of the General Federation of teaching, became general Secretary, of the mentioned trade union, at the national level.

After the start of the second world war, he/she joined the French resistance movement, this led him to become an officer of the Organization, both civil and military, of the Pas-de-Calais. Captured by the Germans, he/she retained several months. Released in February 1943, was denied access to certain French departments, for security reasons. Mollet returned to work as a teacher in Vire, but did not abandon the fight, since in 1944, he/she was an important work, from his post as Secretary of the Committee of liberation of the mentioned Pas de Calais. Thanks to his remarkable performance in recent years, he/she won much popularity among the inhabitants of the region, so when he/she concluded the war, held the position of Mayor in Arras and subsequently he/she was appointed general counsel of the city, in which remained from 1945 until 1949.

Since 1945 he/she had notable discrepancies, with more tempered members of the SFIO, considering that these were approaching more to English labour that true socialism. For this reason were constant attacks, for his part, major characters such as Léon Blum. In 1946 his views were endorsed, by the majority of the members of his party, for this reason reached the general secretariat, since it occupied until 1969. In 1948 he/she was elected Deputy of the National Assembly, being re-elected in successive elections since the year 1951 until 1973. Prominent politician, was a member of the constituent Assembly from 1945 and 1946; and he/she held important positions in the administrations of Léon Blum, Pleven and Queuille. Supporter of the consolidation of the European Community, also occupied a prominent position, as a delegate of his country, in the Council of Europe from 1954 until 1956. Founder, next to Mendès France, in the elections of 1956, the Republican front, agreed to the Presidency of Government on January 31 of that year. During his brief tenure, recognized the independence of Morocco and Tunisia, came the nationalization of the Suez canal in July 1956; and escalated the Algerian conflict, which Mollet tried to solve through the creation of a Federation. The most positive of his Government was the signing of the treaties of the EEC and the EURETON. His fall was precipitated by the Algerian conflict on May 21, 1957. After leaving power, he/she took part in the first Cabinet of Charles De Gaulle, but due to differences with this, he/she resigned from his post in January 1959. Since that time, became one of the most outstanding leaders of the opposition to the general, since he/she criticized harshly the re-election as President. He/She spent the last years of his political career to try to reunify the French Socialist Party, objective that could not get completely. One of their latest interventions as Secretary general of the party, was to support the candidacy of Mitterrand for the presidential election of December 1965.

While he/she retained his post as Deputy on behalf of Arras, virtually withdrew from the political scene and spent the last years of his life to the elaboration of ideological work, from his position as founder and President of the University Office of research Socialist (Office Universitaire de Recherches Socialistes). Mollet continued working until his death, on October 3, 1975.

Among his works could point out titles such as: 13 mai 1958 - 13 mai 1962, published in 1962; Bilan et Perspectives socialistes, published in 1958; D´Abord maintenir, published in 1968; and Le Socialisme selon Tito, published in 1971.