Biography of Mario Monicelli (1915-2010)

Italian film director born in Viareggio, Tuscany, on May 16, 1915, and died in Rome on November 29, 2010.

Life.

He studied history and philosophy at the universities of Pisa and Milan. Attracted by the film from a young age, it won with just twenty years for the best short film at the Venice festival of with I ragazzi della via Paal 1935. From that year he began working as Assistant to directors as Gustav Machaty, Pietro Germi, Mario Camerini or Augusto Genina, among others. He participated in the second world war from 1940 until 1943. At the end of the race, he began to develop his role as screenwriter more intensely. In those years he met Stefano Vanzina, collaborator under the pseudonym of Steno in the magazine's humor Marc'Aurelio, along with some of the most illustrious names of the subsequent Italian cinema as Federico Fellini. Together formed a team during the first years of their cinematic careers. In collaboration with Steno wrote the scripts of some films of Riccardo Freda or Carlo Ludovico Bragaglia. They made their debut in the direction with the Devil (1949) celebrity and came to co-direct together up to eight films, mostly vehicles for the brilliance of comedian Toto, situated halfway between cinematic neorealism and the subsequent Comedy Italian. Among them stands out especially guards and robbers (1951), starring Aldo Fabrizi and Toto.

Proibito (1954) was the debut of Monicelli as solo director. It has established itself as a good director of comedy, a genre where he obtained his first big success with Rufufú (1958), one of his great classics and one of the most fun 1950s Italian films. In it, he collaborated with his usual pair of screenwriters, Age and Scarpelli, pseudonyms of writers Agenore Incrocci and Furio Scarpelli. Rufufú tells the story of the failure of a heist planned by a group of thieves played by Marcello Mastroianni, Claudia Cardinale, Vittorio Gassman and Toto in one of his best works. His next film was one of his finest works, the great war (1959). Extraordinarily performed by two stars such as Gassman and Alberto Sordi , and written by Age & Scarpelli in collaboration with the own Monicelli, this Dino de Laurentiis production has the casualness adventures of two soldiers during the first world war. Italian authorities did not see with good eyes the film during its pre-production as calling it unpatriotic and detrimental to the morale of post-war Italy, attitudes that did not stop the film to win gold of the 1959 Venice Film Festival lion.

His fruitful collaboration with Age and Scarpelli went on with the Navy Brancaleone (1965), another of the great comedies of Monicelli. Starred by Vittorio Gassman, one of their actores-fetiche, follows the adventures of a group of mercenaries in the middle ages. It presents some of the constants in the work of its director, as a marked tendency to the coral that manifests itself in an interest in the collective protagonists or contrapuntal use of comic elements in situations of hypothetical drama. The great success of the film led him to direct a sequel, Brancaleone at the Crusades (1970), of much less interest. The tragicomic Monicelli cinema style dominated especially one of his last major works, a small bourgeois, small (1977), in which Alberto Sordi carried out one of the more complex interpretations of his career in a movie that seemed to close around a period of the work of its director, one of the greatest of the Italian comedy.

Filmography.

(Monicelli is co-writer of most of his films) 1949: the celebrity Devil; Toto seeks piso.1950: dog's life; E arrivato il cavaliere.1951: Toto e i re di Roma; Guards and ladrones.1952: Toto e le donne; Le infedeli.1953: Toto e Carolina.1954: Poibito.1955: an eroe dei nostri tempi.1956: Donatella.1957: parents and children; The doctor and the curandero.1958: rufufu.1959: the great guerra.1960: come the bribones.1961: "Renzo e Luciana" (episode of Boccaccio 70). 1963: I compagni.1964: Casanova 70; 'Modern people' (episode of high infidelta). 1965: Navy Brancaleone.1966: "La bruja Armenia" (episode of the fate). 1967: "La Bambinala" (episode of Capriccio All'italiana). 1968: the girl with the pistola.1969: To, e morta the nonna.1970: "Il frigorifero" (episode of three couples); Brancaleone at the Cruzadas.1971: Mortadela.1972: we want the coroneles.1974: Apasionada.1975: cuatro.1976 room: Caro Michele; Ladies and gentlemen, good noches.1977: A bourgeois small, very small; Long live Italy! 1978: A journey with Anita.1979: the huracan.1981 Rosy: Camera d'albergo; The Marquis of the Grillo.1982: A quintet to the loco.1984: Bertoldo, Bertoldino e Cacasenno; Le due vite of Mattia Pascal.1985: Speriamo che sia the femmina.1987: the happy picaros.1992: Parenti serpenti.1993: Cari fortunissimi amici.1995: Facciamo Paradiso.

Other works as a scriptwriter: 1940: the Grand Duchess sports (and ay dir).1943: Cortocicuito.1945: Cassion the ricchezza! 1946: Eagle negra.1947: A night of madness; I Miserabili; L'ebreo errante; As the war persi; Il corriere del Re; Lost youth; The daughter of the capitan.1948: L' L'eroe della strada; In nome's law; Plano beyond war; Bitter rice; Misterioso.1949 Knight: sila Wolf; Come scopersi L'america; Marechiaro; Il conte Ugolino.1950: the Calabrian Bandit; Tradimento; Soho conspirancy.1951: Plano alle tasse; I love an assassino; E l'amore che mi Rovina; Sardinian vendetta; Okay Nero; Heart ingrato.1952: Cinque poveri in automobile; Toto to colori.1953: tragedy and triumph of Verdi; Cavalleria rusticana; Il più comico spettacolo del mondo; Violenza sullago.1954: Guai ai vinti.1955: the most beautiful woman of the mundo.1961: A cavallo della tigre.1963: Frenesia dell'estate. 1966: I nostri mariti.

As Assistant Director: 1935: Ballerine.1936: blanco.1937 Squadron: the appointment of the muerto.1938: Equatore.1939: Il document; Fascino.1940: Knight negro.1942: Gelosia.1945: Il testimone.