Biography of Claudio Monteverdi (1567-1643)

Italian composer. He/She studied at the Cathedral of his native Cremona with Ingegneri. Incipient composer, in the 1980s had already published the Scrae contiunculae for three voices (1582), the first book of Canzonette for three voices (1584), and two books of Madrigali for five voices (1587 and 1590). Between 1590 and 1591 he/she entered the service of Duke Vincent de Gonzaga in Mantua Court. Obligations not prevented him to continue composing and, among other works, the third book of Madrigali for five voices (1592), in which some of his most famous pieces are created: Stracciami pure il core, or spring Gioventù l'anno and Perfidissimi volto, in which manifests their care to highlight a voice soloist who trusts all emotional expression. In 1599 he/she accompanied his master to the baths of Spa in Flanders, where it could become familiar with the work of foreign schools.

It took eleven years until the publication of his fourth book of Madrigali (1603). Then their obligations to the Court were heavier, since in 1602 he/she was appointed maestro di cappella of Duke Vincent de Gonzaga. During that time, he/she only published works worthy of its popularity, having lost much of their manuscripts in wars and looting. The fifth book of madrigals was published in 1605, it contains titles such as raw Ave and Ecco silva and introduced the Basso continuo obliged for the first time in the last six madrigals. In this work the madrigals no longer relationship with the polyphonic madrigals of the previous century, which led to talk about the disappearance of this genre. In Monteverdi new accents, are in his work instruments are mixed with the voice and it is close to the Lyric drama.

His aspiration to write a tragedy with music came with Orfeo (1607), with text by the poet Alessandrino Striggio, which obtained great success in Mantua, as well as in all the cities of the North of Italy. With this opera, Monteverdi became to be considered the largest of its time musician. In 1608 published Arianna and Il Ballo delle ingrate, written on texts by Rinuccini and represented in Mantua on the occasion of the wedding of Francisco of Gonzaga and Margarita de Saboya. Arianna, composed after the death of his wife, he/she considered only worthy of keep I regret d'Arianna, which later used in a madrigal for five voices.

Religious music

After a few years dedicated exclusively to the theater, in 1610 published the work of religious music Missa senis vocibus ac Vesperae, which contains a serious style mass and Vespers in new style, all in free form. After the death of Duke Vincent (1612), he/she was appointed maestro di cappella of San Marcos in Venice, starting its most brilliant period. It was requested in all Italian cities to hear their performances and wrote a large number of works, of which only is preserved a few. He/She was ordained priest in 1632, stopped writing for the theatre, and published three new books of madrigals. This time his only work of sacred music is Selva morale e spirituale (1640).

Near the end of his life he/she returned to writing for the theatre, designing the opera L'Incoronazione di Poppea, represented with great success in 1642, a year before his death. This work, considered the first authentic melodrama, introduced the novelty of trying a historical theme with modern spirit, include different characters of the characters, combining in a single text the serious with the clownish and use a reduced Orchestra in order to give centre stage to the song.


Secular music

Quarto book dei Madrigali: Ah partita dolente; Mio COR, mentre vi miro; Cor mio, non mori? And mori!; Sfogava with le stelle; Volgea l'anima mia DAB; Anima mia, perdona (prima parte); Che is your is ' il mio cor (seconda parte); Luci serene e chiare; The c piaga'ho nel core; Pur VOI Dame partite, encouraged hard; A giro 'begl' occhi lucenti Sun; Ohime, is both amate; IO mi son giovinetta; Augellin che Quel sings; Non piu pietate war; Yes Ch'io vorrei morire; It encourages painful che living...; The cor mio bore; Longe da te mio cor; Piagn'e sighing; performers: Concerto Italiano; Director: Rinaldo Alessandrini; Opus 111, OPS 30-81.Claudio Monteverdi / Torquato Tasso: Il Combattimento di Tancredi e Clorinda (of the eighth book of madrigals); performers: Kwella / Rogers / Thomas, music Antiqua Köln; Director: R. Goebel. Deutsche Gramophon, DG 415 296-2 IMS. Altri canti di Marte (of Book VIII), Perchè t' fuggi or Fillide (of Book VIII), Chiome d'Oro (Book VII), Hor ch' ciel e terra (of Book VIII), Havea Febo Non ancora / Lamento della Ninfa (of Book VIII), tour il nemico insidiously (of Book VIII), love che deggio (Book VII) far, Tirsi e Clori, Ballo concertato (of Book VII); performers: Les Arts Florissants; Director: William Christie; Harmonia Mundi HMA 1901068 / 57 HM. Madrigali sui testi Al Tasso: Donna, nel mio ritorno, S'andasse caccia, slept fantastic love the mia Chloris, Non si levava ancor L'Alba novella, E diceâ l' a sigh allora, Ardo si ma non t' master, Ardi and gela, Arsi et alsi, Vivrò fra i miei tormenti Ma dove, or lasso me, Io pur verro, Non sono in queste rive, is your my lassiLegami Dolcissimi, Mentr'io mirava fiso, Vattene pur, inhuman, the tra'l sangue e le morti, Poich' it in se torno, Piagn' and sighing; performers: Concerto Italiano; Director: Rinaldo Alessandrini. Tactus TC 56130303. L'Incoronazione di Poppea; performers: Danielle Borst, Guillemette Laurens, Axel Döhler, Jennifer Larmore, Michael Schopper, Lena Lootens, Concerto Vocale; Director: René Jacobs. Harmonia Mundi, HMC 901333.32 (3 CDs).

Sacred music

Laudate Dominum, Sancta Maria, Salve Regina, Salve, or Regina, rejoices filia Sion; performers: Emma Kirkby, Judith Nelson, Nigel Rogers, The Academy of Ancient Music; Director: Christopher Hogwood. 458820-2 (2 CDs).Eve of the Selva Morale e Spirituale Venetian music: Dixit Dominus (secondo) 8 voices; Confitebor tibi Domine (secondo) 3 voices; Beatus vir (cousin) to 6 voices; Laudate pueri (secondo) to 5 voices; Laudate Dominum (cousin) to 5 voices; Deus tuorum militum to 3 voices; Magnificat a 8; Jubilet tota civitas (only in dialogue); Salve Regina to 3 voices; performers: Taverner Consort, Taverner Choir and Taverner Players; Director: Andrew Parrot. EMI CDC 7 47016 2. Cantate Domino, Domine, ne in furore tuo, Adoramus te, Christe, Exultent caeli; performers: Coro London Monteverdi; Director: John Eliot Gardiner. 458829-2 (2 CDs).