Biography of Bernard Law Montgomery (1887-1976)

Bernard Law Montgomery.

Marshal British, famous for his important victory at El Alamein in 1942, and head of the allied ground forces on the southern front, in the context of the second world war.

Grandson of the British Governor of Punjab (India) and son of the Anglican bishop Montgomery, was born in London on November 17, 1887. He/She joined as a cadet at the Military Academy Sandhurst, in 1909, where he/she attained the rank of Lieutenant, bound in the Royal Warwickshire Regiment.

In 1914, at the age of twenty-seven, landed in France with the British Expeditionary Corps of the French Marshal. After two months of fighting, he/she was promoted to captain, was wounded several times and was decorated many others; He/She obtained, among others, distinguished service order and the Cruz de Guerra French. Four years later, at his own request, was sent to the army of the Rhine; promoted to brigadier in 1921, he/she served in Ireland and in the South of the Islands. Later, he/she went to India, where he/she won the rank of Lieutenant Colonel. In 1934, it is Colonel and first class General staff officer. After exercise as inspector of the Camberley military school, he/she moved to Egypt and Palestine, where he/she participated in the Suppression of riots between Arabs and Jews. In 1937, it is promoted to general, with remote control in the Ninth Infantry Brigade from Portsmouth. Two years later, was declared the second world war, which stands out for its campaigns in Africa.

In August 1942, he/she received from the hands of Winston Churchill, the command of the famous eighth army in the Egyptian desert, just as the German general Erwin Rommel was very near Cairo. In the month of October of the same year, it manages to contain the advance of the German division, Afrika Korps at El Alamein, victoria which did change the course of the war for the British, after three years of losses, and that meant the expulsion of the German forces in North Africa in 1943.

In 1944, he/she was appointed Marshal and appointed member of the General staff of the Supreme command of the Allied troops for the invasion of Europe; He/She directs the operations of the Normandy landings. The following year, he/she received the command of the ground forces allied on the southern front.Completed the world war, he/she was appointed head of the Imperial greater status, in 1946, and two years later, paramount chief of the military forces of the Western Union. At the time, was awarded several honorary distinctions, including that of the title of Viscount Montgomery of Alamein.

In 1951, Eisenhower, Supreme Commander of the forces of the Atlantic Pact, elected to the post of Deputy Commander, since it plays until 1957, year in which leaves him and asks the retirement from active service. Before his death at Isington Mill, in 1976, published his memoirs (1958), as well as The path to leadership (1961), and history of the art of war (1968), among others.