Biography of Zsigmond Moricz (1879-1942)

Hungarian novelist, born in Tiszcsecse (province of Szatmár) on June 30, 1879, and died at Leányfalu, near Budapest, on September 4, 1942. Son of Calvinist farmers, studied in Debreczen and Sárospatak. At twenty, he/she enrolled first in Debreczen at the Faculty of Theology and later in the jurisprudence. But, dreaming of the career of writer, he/she devoted himself early to journalism. Since the end of 1900 lived in Budapest, poor and unknown. Only at the age of adjourned years managed to become famous as a result of the success of a tale (seven Krajcar), published in the journal of avant-garde Nyugat. Loving husband and father, was driven to a vast literary activity by the desire to secure his own a decent, well-off life. In the same year that came to be known, he/she published a volume of short stories. In 1910, was his first novel, Golden rough, that was much debated. In the course of a decade, followed some twenty works between novels and short stories. At the time of cosmopolitanism, and in the midst of the most varied stylistic tendencies of the narrative, Móricz novelty consisted in the return to the problems of the Hungarian life and his genuine naturalism. In this first period he/she drew their subjects from the life of peasants and the petty bourgeoisie of provinces, with an exaggerated in the world, unilateral and priori vision.

The subsequent evolution of Móricz is characterized by a broader spiritual horizon, a more severe self-criticism and growing inclination toward the past. Three novels inspired by memories of his student life, especially yourselves to death, rises to the purest peaks of human compassion, while his more vigorous creation, the Transylvanian trilogy garden fairies, the Grand Prince and the shadow of the Sun, show the full maturity and achieved by the art of Móricz magnificence.

Your visionary imagination illuminated with dazzling clarity of 18th-century Transylvanian life: the multiple relationships between land, history and individual destinations, the machinations of diplomacy, the horrors of the war. Wild orgies of wine and love are represented with a force of language and a narrative impetuosity unparalleled in Hungarian contemperanea prose.

Killed his wife, he/she married new an actress, who almost always was the interpreter of his theatrical works, drawn largely from his own novels. In 1929 he/she was elected honorable citizen of his native town, and in the same year took over the management of the Nyugat, jointly with Mihály Babits. Already aged sixty, he/she began the publication of the novel Kelet Nepe, which returned to fight with youthful energy for the sake of social and cultural elevation of the Hungarian peasant. Since divorced, in 1939, his second wife, he/she lived in his idyllic refuge of Leányfalu until his death.