Biography of Louis Mountbatten (1900-1979)

Mountbatten, Lord.

Marine, military and English Aviator, first Earl of Mountbatten of Burma (today Myanmar), and last viceroy of India. Son of Prince Luis Alejandro Battenberg (first Lord of the Admiralty and Marquess of Milford Haven) and the Princess Victoria Hesse (granddaughter of the Queen Victoria de Inglaterra). Lord Mountbatten (Louis Francis Albert Victor Nicholas), was born in 1900 in Windsor, studied at Cambridge, and joined the Royal Navy in 1913. He participated in the second world war, being appointed commander in Chief of the army ally in Southeast Asia in 1943. Between 1943 and 1945, he successfully led the campaign against Japan that allowed Myanmar to reconquer. He was appointed in 1947, Viceroy of India, in the same year in which it became independent from the British Empire. He worked intensely in the campaign for handover to the new States of India and Pakistan. Back in the Navy, he was successively appointed commander in Chief of the Mediterranean fleet and first lord of the Admiralty; in 1959 he became Chief of the defence staff. Lord Mountbatten was killed in 1979 in a bomb attack by the IRA.