Biography of Bey de Túnez Muhammad V al-Nasir (1856-1922)

10th fifth bey of Tunisia (1906-1922), belonging to the beyes dynasty husaynid who was in this position until the year 1957, date of the proclamation of the independence of Tunisia. Born in Tunisia, in the year 1856, and died in the same city in 1922.

Son of one younger brother of the bey Alí III (1882-1902), succeeded his cousin Muhammad IV al-Hajj in one of the most critical of their country's history, then protectorate and colony of France from the year 1881, just when the Tunisian nationalist movement channeled, first in 1904 by the young Tunisians of Ali Hadj Hamba, and later, in 1919, by the nationalist current known with the name of al - Hizb Al - Hur al - Dusturi led by Abdelaziz Thalebi, from which arise the nationalist party Destur. Although initially continued the policy displayed by his predecessors, with a Government subordinated to the French colonial authorities, he/she soon decided to support openly pro-independence political programs of many nationalist groups that have emerged around the country, circumstances that led him to numerous problems with the different resident General Gauls who were in charge of the protectorate. The highlight of this friction happened in 1922, a year after arrived at the colony, the new resident general, the experienced diplomatic Lucien Saint, with a reputation as a conciliator and respectful with the nationalist demands.

Lucien Saint deployed a series of reform measures and quite open that with being an undoubted significance and great openwork socio-political, were not enough to calm the aspirations of the main nationalist leaders. The situation reached its highest degree when Muhammad V threatened to leave the beylacato if the demands of his people were not addressed suitably. Lucien Saint tried to dissuade him without success and, to avoid greater evils, ordered 5 April of that same year that colonial army forces surround the beylical Palace. This measure was counterproductive results, because the excited masses took to the streets in all cities of the country and there were violent demonstrations which ended in a real blood bath. Finally, Muhammad V agreed to abandon its intransigent position in Exchange for that your requests were dealt with after the visit of the President of the French Republic, Millerand, thought to be at Tunisia. The interview was conducted at the end of the same month, but, contrary to expectations by Muhammad V, the French authorities were limited to promise a series of measures that never fulfilled, but quite the opposite, since further tightened its anti-national position. The Destur could not resist such offensive, to which was added the sudden death of Muhammad V, which was a blow to the nationalist cause. Muhammad V was succeeded by Muhammad VI al-Habib (1922-1929).