Biography of Bey de Túnez Muhammad VII al-Muncif (1942-1943)

Eighth tenth bey husayni of Tunisia (1942-1943), son of the old bey Muhammad V al-Nasir (1906-1922).

Just take care of the beylakato, on June 20, the year 1942, the new bey did not hesitate to make public their sympathies by the nationalist movement, which fought for the abolition of the French protectorate in Tunisia. To do so, on 4 August of that same year he/she sent to the Government of Vichy, collaborator with the nazis, presided over by Marshal Pétain, a memorandum that demanded full sovereignty for their country in terms which did not admit doubt about his intentions. Such gesture, as expected, triggered the prompt reaction of Vichy.

Marshal Pétain extended its hardness, what did that franco-tunecinas relations went through times of maximum tightness, with ongoing riots that French troops squashed without regard. The situation between the metropolis and the colony was quite softened following the invasion of the Eastern Tunisian territory by troops of the axis, in retaliation for the penetration on the Western side of the Allied forces. With the virtually occupied by the two country contender of the war, the bey Muhammad VII appointed a Royal Council with the Mission of previously examined the Bill presented by the French general resident before authorizing them with the label beylikal.

At the beginning of the year 1943, Muhammad VII continued taking advantage of the weakness of the colonial Government to form a new Government to your needs, established on the basis of elements belonging to the old Destur and some moderate members of the Neo Destur. At the same time, the axis authorities had freed the nationalist leader Habib Bourguiba and his companions, prisoners in French territory, in order to transfer to Italy, where Mussolini attempted to attract them to the fascist cause. Conditions imposed by Bourguiba, passing through the total achievement of Tunisian independence, Mussolini had no choice but to abandon talks and allow him to return to Tunisia, where it resumed again in his hands the reins of the party and the independence fight. The defeat of the forces advancing at the end of the same year allowed the General Giraud restore fully the French protectorate over Tunisia.

His first act was the removal of the bey Muhammad VII, accused, not without some reason because of their passivity before the advance of the axis forces in Tunisian territory of intelligence with the enemy, measure, which by the way, was much debated in terms of its political opportunity. The French colonial authorities chose as the new bey Muhammad VIII al-Amin (1943-1957), son of the old bey Muhammad VI al-Habib (1922-1929), who at that time would be the last bey of Tunisia and the dynasty husayni, in front of the beylakato from the year 1705.