Biography of Robert Mulligan (1925-2008)

Director of American cinema, born on August 23, 1925 in the Bronx (New York), and died on December 20, 2008, in Old Lyme, Connecticut.

Life

It passed through the army and studied literature and journalism at Fordham University. After passing through the New York Times joined the television network CBS that he directed numerous episodes of some of the most representative of American television dramatic spaces: The Philco Television Playhouse (1948), Goodyear Television Playhouse and The Alcoa Hour (1955), which helped him experience to undertake later feature films. His film debut took place during the Decade of the fifties, on the other hand characterized by an exclusive television work, unless an exception for Mulligan: the price of success (1957), a story set in the leagues of baseball, and starring Anthony Perkins and Karl Malden. His television work focused especially on adaptation of literary classics; proof of this were story of two cities (1958) or The Moon and Sixpence (1959).

At the beginning of the 1960's he left television to devote himself exclusively to cinema. With lost in the big city (1960) inaugurated its new stage. Garson Kanin adapted his own play; the story between a musician (Tony Curtis) and a dancer (Debbie Reynolds) who share apartment in New York. That same year, Mulligan directed the great imposter, adaptation of the Robert Crichton novel based on the life of Ferdinand Waldo Demara Jr., who, from numerous forgeries, was adopting different personalities.

The romantic comedy also found a place in the cinema of Mulligan. When come September (1961) and way of the jungle (1962), both starring Rock Hudson, added in addition, respectively tangle and the adventure stories that still did not provide the Director quality soon would get. Recognition came with the adaptation of the autobiographical bestseller of Harper Lee, kill a Mockingbird (1962), a fabulous character study that had a special involvement by the author. Gregory Peck played the protagonist, Atticus Finch, and used in the movie the Pocket Watch that had belonged to the father of the novelist. This give it later, because Peck, who won the Oscar for best actor, remembered his father. The film won two more statues: the artistic direction and best adapted screenplay.

For the two following titles, Mulligan had Natalie Wood in the cast. The first, love with the proper stranger (1963), with Steve McQueen, gave the actress a nomination to the Oscar; and the second, the rebel (1965), with Robert Redford, a nomination to the Golden Globes. None is exempt from certain cynicism, either trying to romanticism or the road to stardom. This treatment of the issues, no concessions to easy cinema, was collected in a previous title, the last attempt (1964), capturing perfectly the rigid atmosphere of the South. Again Steve McQueen became the hero of the story, this time embodied to an ex-con who returns with his family. The Decade of the sixties to Mulligan was completed with two special titles. Up The Down Staircase (1967) focused on the novel by Bel Kaufman, trying to prove that there was no racial segregation in American schools. The film served as the flag abroad. The State Department sent tape to the Moscow Film Festival in 1967, with the intention of countering the Soviet propaganda, which claimed that segregation existed.

The night of the Giants (1969), which put an end to the Decade, went without penalty or glory, despite being supported by a large Studio and a big star as it was Gregory Peck. The 1970s began with more grunt for the director. Summer of 42 (1971), a fable brilliantly focused on the characters and feelings, was accredited by several awards, which recognized the uptake of the essence of the Decade of the forties and the charm of adolescence that Jennifer O'Neill embodied. Michel Legrand, who composed the soundtrack, won the Oscar. A year later Mulligan was premiered with a genre that had not tempted until then: terror. He directed the other (1972), according to the novel by Tom Tyron, in which twin brothers embody good and evil, which succeeded in getting the story.

After being nominated for the Palme d'Or in 1974 by key man, Mulligan addressed one of their most interesting titles. The next year, at the same time (1978). Adapted to the screen from a work of Broadway's two characters, written by Bernard Slade, the film tells the story of a couple, each with a family on the back, who falls and they decide to meet the same weekend every year, in the same place. Over twenty-six years, from 1951 to 1977, Mulligan will be showing the social and political changes in the country through the evolution of these two characters, played by Alan Alda and Ellen Burstyn, nominated for the Oscar for her performance.

No subsequent title fell short of this, but Mulligan was getting small successes. Stony, warm-blooded (1978), joins Paul Sorvino, Tony LoBianco and Richard Gere:GERE, RICHARD in the adaptation of the novel by Richard Price, which took the opportunity to reflect the rural environment, suffocated by a dominant father; She received a nomination to the Oscar for the screenplay. Kiss me and you disappear (1982) provided with a nomination for the Golden Globes to Sally Field for having to endure harassment by the ghost of her late husband, long ago, when he is about to marry another man. And with summer in Louisiana (1991), the public discovered to the actress Reese Witherspoon in an exploration of adolescence in a way similar, but adapted to the times to as had twenty-five years earlier with Natalie Wood.

Apart from his work as a director, Mulligan had the opportunity to act as producer on three of his films: the other (1972), the key man (1974) and kiss me and you disappear (1982). He was also the voice of the narrator's summer of 42.

Robert Mulligan died of a cardiac arrest at his home in Old Lyme, Connecticut, in the United States, at the age of 83. He was the director of the work of 5 actors nominated for the Oscar, Mary Badham, Natalie Wood, Ruth Gordon, Ellen Burstyn and Gregory Peck, who won it for to kill a Mockingbird in 1962.

Filmography

1957: The price of success. 1960: Lost in the big city; The great imposter. 1961: When it comes to September. 1962: Way of the jungle; Kill a Mockingbird. 1963: Love with a stranger. 1964: The last attempt. 1965: The rebel. 1967: Up The Down Staircase. 1968: The night of the Giants. 1971: Looking for happiness; Summer of 42. 1972: The other. 1974: The key man. 1978: Stony, blood warm; The next year, at the same time. 1982: Kiss me and you disappear. 1988: clara completo Herat. 1991: A summer in Louisiana.

Works for television:

1948: The Philco television Playhouse (series). 1951: Goodyear Television Playhouse (series). 1955: The Alcoa Hour (series). 1958: The Bridge of San Luis rey; A Tale of Two Cities. 1959: Billy Budd; The Moon and Sixpence.