Biography of rey hitita Mursilis II (1341-1310 a.C.)

(Mur-shi-li-ish or MURSILI) Hittite King, younger son of Suppiluliumas I and brother of Arnuwandas II, who was succeeded after his death because of the plague. Since Mursilis II was very young when he/she ascended to the throne, virtually all countries that depended on Hatti revolted. Mursilis II had to quell riots and more riots, as we know from its decennial annals and its complete Annals, invaluable documents for the study of his reign. He/She beat the gasgas, had to suppress revolts in Syria (Nukhashshe country) and quite a few countries of Anatolia (Arzawa, Hapalla, Millawanda). So it was with the help of the viceroy of Carchemish, his brother Sharri-Kushukh (in Hittite, Pijashalish). Also had to keep in check to Khanigalbat (perhaps conquered), Alshe, Mukish and Aleppo and appeasing Karduniash (Babylon). Even had to confront the own Horemheb - which came with Egyptian troops to Syria, which managed to contain, then the Pharaoh Sethi I could recapture Kadesh and there erected a victory stele. Again, there was crush a second rebellion from the gasgas, incited by the country of Hajasa (in the South of the Black Sea), against whose King Annija also fought, and sign treaties of peace and Alliance with monarchs of Syrian enclaves (Talmi-Sharruma of Khalpa - Aleppo-, Niqmepa of Ugari, Aziru of Amurru, etc.), intended to pacify and organize that area. The last years of his life were complicated by the attitude of the old Queen Tawannanna (last of the wives of Suppiluliumas I, of Babylonian origin), which had apparently caused the death of the wife of Mursilis II, suspected that perhaps earned him exile. Also a fierce and long-lasting pest struck throughout the country, so that the King should summon the gods (prayers of the plague). Mursilis II, the capital of the Hittite Empire was in Dattashshas; the traditional capital, Khattushas, remained in the hands of a trusted official. Because of filial piety, he/she wanted to preserve the memory of the events of his father and ordered to compose the text that we know today as annals of Suppiluliumas. The death of Mursilis II his son Muwattalis succeeded him.