Biography of Yoweri Kaguta Museveni (1944-VVVV)

Ugandan politician, President of the Republic since 1986, born in 1944 in Ntungamo (Mbarara).

After receiving higher education in Mbarara and Ntare School, went through the Universitary College of Dar es Salaam (Tanzania). He/She was an advisor of President Milton Obote , between 1970 and 1971. In the military coup of Idi Amin forced him into exile in Tanzania. There he/she founded a front for national salvation (Fronasa) in opposition to the dictator in 1972 and worked as a teacher in the Moshi co-operative College. He/She joined troops Tanzanian who invaded Uganda and forced to flee Amin in 1979, and in 1980 became Defense Minister in the national front for the liberation of Uganda, who chaired by Paulo Muwanga. When Obote imposed himself on the free elections of 1980, between persistent allegations of fraud, Museveni broke with his former manager and went on to lead an armed dissent, the national army of resistance (NRA), which in 1981 began to wage a guerrilla war.

In July 1985, when a military coup toppled Obote, Museveni was prepared to recognize the Council chaired by brigadier Bazilio Olara Okello, but with his early substitution by another Board chaired by Lieutenant general Tito Okello, decided to continue hostilities against the Government army. After a rapid advance, on January 26, 1986 the NRA entered Kampala. Museveni instituted a National Council of resistance (NRC), and was appointed President of the Republic and Minister of defence. In its early manifestations, he/she said that his aim was to impose discipline to the armed forces, restore order and break the territorial divisions, very circumscribed the ethnic majority of shift.

In the ten years following Museveni maintained power safely, without tolerance of political opposition and prolonging a stage of stability and moderation, after two decades of ravages and bloody dictatorships, although he/she could not completely pacify the country, by the already endemic presence of several guerrillas and armed bands. At the beginning of the nineties turned democratizing "fashion" that swept the continent; only until 1996 - two years after approval in a referendum a Constitution - no elections were held free, and without basis for parties, which although they were already legal could not attend the election.

On 9 may the presidential elections were held, and gave victory to Museveni with 74´2% of the vote over his immediate rival, Paul Kawanga Ssemogerere, supported by Obote from exile, so it may 12, Museveni took possession of a constitutional mandate for five years. The legislation took place on June 27 for 214 of the 276 seats in the new National Assembly substitute of the NRC (the remaining 80 were appointed or elected corporately and were reserved for women, unions, army, decreased physical and youth organizations). 156 of the elected, formally independent candidates not affiliated, claimed to be supporters of Museveni.

Man's little friend, sober style of unnecessary limelight, Museveni has been sheltering, with the benevolence of the United States and other powerful backers, regional ambitions, and certainly their influence has warned friends regimes of Rwanda (1994), Burundi (1996), and Congo-Kinshasa (ex-Zaire, 1997), with whose leaders join ethnic (around tutsi) solidarity and cultural (English-speaking training), and who has helped in his decision and consolidation of power (in particular, the Rwandan Patriotic Front). Its formula of management is disciplined, austere, militarized and little hesitant when it comes to repress, that, for the moment, dispenses with any party or democratic attempts and focuses on trying to eliminate the chaos found in search for a viable national model.

Museveni has been President shift of the preferential trade Area (1987-1988 and 1992-1993) - since 1994 known as the common market of Eastern and southern Africa, or COMESA - and the OAU (1990-1991).

In elections held on March 11, 2001, got revalidate presidential against his opponent Kizza Besigye, former medical and Allied staff, who centered his election campaign to denounce corruption, nepotism and the harmful consequences for the country by the Government's support to the guerrillas who fought the regime of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Despite the campaign of Besigye, Museveni achievements, especially the to achieve stability in the country, endorsed his candidacy with sufficient assurances for granted the support of voters.

The February 2006 elections repeated the scenario of the last presidential, except that, for the first time in 20 years, Museveni faced its first multi-party elections. However, Besigye was again his defeated rival and large maximum of the process. The President managed the reelection with 59% of the votes, despite the denunciation of irregularity mass poured by the opposition. On February 11, days before reissue its mandate in elections, he/she left unharmed an assassination attempt.

R. Ortiz de Zárate