Biography of Ricardo Muti (1941-VVVV)

Italian Orchestra conductor born in Naples on July 28, 1941.

Studied at the conservatorio San Pietro a Majella in his hometown, where he discovered the orchestral skills, as well as philosophy at the University of Naples. His piano teacher was Vicenzo Vitale, student of the Swiss pianist Alfred Cortot. Later Muti moved to Milan, in whose Conservatory studied composition with Bettinelli and received lessons from Antonino Votto conducting. In 1967 was awarded at the international contest Guido Cantelli for conductors, which led to the start of his directing career, begun in the Festival of the Maggio Musicale in Florence with Sviatoslav Richter as soloist at the piano. He made his debut in Britain as successor to Otto Klemperer at the forefront of the New Philharmonia (later called just Philharmonia) Orchestra that maintained a fruitful relationship as director Auditor since 1973 and more later as musical director.

From his appointment as principal conductor of the festival Maggio Musicale in Florence in 1969, opera has occupied an important place in the career of Muti. It was there where in 1972, he directed the first integral version of the Guillaume Tell by Rossini and recreated LĀ“Africaine of Meyerbeer, Agnes of Hohenstaufen of Spontini and some less famous operas of Verdi I masnadieri and Attila. Its collaboration with the festival ceased in 1982. In 1971 its beginnings had taken place at the Salzburg festival, which led him to lead the Vienna Philharmonic regularly in operas with famous international deals. In the Decade of the 1970s you could hear you in the large theatres of Vienna, Munich and Paris opera and Covent Garden London.He has been principal conductor of the Philadelphia Orchestra in the period between 1980 and 1993; and in 1986, when it happened to Claudio Abbado as music director of the theatre of la Scala, guidance of operas became something significant in his career. It is an outstanding interpreter of Italian opera. His recordings of works dedicatedto as Macbeth, Aida and Un ballo in maschera have given him international fame, and he has opted for recording live, and not in Studio. It has also focused on the musical dramas of Mozart and Wagner. His symphonic repertoire is very wide, but emphasizes its interest in orchestral music of Beethoven and Britten, Hindemith or Ligeticontemporary composers. In his recordings and concerts, Muti returns to the original score to eliminate all erroneous interpretive practice that does not appear in the original text. His work reflects the influence of director Arturo Toscanini.

However, in April 2005 he presented his irrevocable resignation from the post of director of the Scala of Milan by the evident existing disagreements between him and the managers and musicians of the theatre. Muti blamed its decision to "hostility expressed [...] by the people with whom I have worked twenty years", giving by bridged his Milanese period as well.

Selected discography

Bruckner, to.: Symphony No. 4. Performers: Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra. Director: R. Muti. EMD/73426 SERAPHIM. Mozart, W.A: Don Giovanni. Performers: N.de Carolis, F. Lopardo, S. Mentzer, Vienna State Opera Choir Concert Association. Director: R. Muti. EMD/EMI CLASSICS 54255 Respighi, o.: Pines of Rome/Fountains of Rome/Roman Festival. Performers: Philadelphia Orchestra. Director: R.Muti. EMD/EMI CLASSICS. Rota, N.: Music for Film. Director: R. Muti. SONY CLASSICS 63359 Schumann, r.: symphonies No. 1-4/Die Braut von Messina Op. 100 performers: London Philharmonia Orchestra, New Philharmonia Orchestra. Director: R. Muti. EMD / EMI CLASSICS 67319