Biography of Taslima Nasrin (1962-VVVV)

Writer and bengali doctor, born in 1962 in Mymensingh (Bangladesh), in a conservative Muslim family. Daughter of a physician, followed his father's footsteps and graduated in medicine. He began writing at age 15 poems and texts about the differences between castes, between men and women and between rich and poor. Influenced by the bengali literature, especially by Rabindranat Tagore, recognizes financial assets of the Russian classics and Virginia Woolf and Simone de Beauvoir.

In 1986 he published his first book of poems which was followed by a series of erotic poems. Already by then his provocative style and his radical beliefs had become a notable writer. All his novels attack the taboos of society, especially the religious and the sexual, and articles denouncing social injustices, specifically that women in his country. Taslima went on to say that "the women of our country will not be free while the politics based on religion".

As a result of their marriage failures became a standard bearer for the feminist movement in his country. Nirbachita Kalam (selected columns), a collection of 78 articles in different newspapers published in 1991. The publication led to protests and demonstrations, even a Deputy told Parliament the seizure of the book. That same year the religious authorities denounced him for blasphemy.

In 1992 the main publisher of Kolkata, Ananda Bazar Patrika, granted that collection the award Ananda Litterary, as one of the best-selling books in the India. That same year was created a "Taslima Nasrin Suppression Committee" whose sole aim was to get the prohibition of all his works. On February 7, 1993, as a sign of protest against the authorities, Nasrin renounced its physician contract. Shortly thereafter he brought to light Lajja (shame), novel written in bengali which relates the attack of a hindu family after the demolition of the mosque in the Indian town of Ayodhya in December 1992. In the book he also defended the rights of women against Sharia, the Islamic law.

July 10 the work was forbidden by the Government so pretext of breaking "community harmony" and "encouraged the religious hatred". However the novel had sold more than 60,000 copies, had been translated into hindi and distributed free of charge by Hindu extremists. The banning of the book made to increase the hatred of fundamentalists to the writer. On 24 September 1993, Nasrin began living under the threat of a "Fatwa" death sentence that had been launched against it by the Council of fighters of Islam, who also offered a reward of 180,000 pesetas on his head.

In Dhaka (capital of Bangladesh) on November 18, fundamentalists organized a large demonstration against it, which was attended by some 10,000 people who burned his books and his portrait to the cry of death!. In addition, fundamentalist leaders demanded that the writer was delivered them to be tried by its courts. In 1994, two courts of Bangladesh issued records of arrest against it by "contempt to the religious feelings of a category of citizens" and "attack on national sovereignty".

On July 1 he sent a desperate letter to Antoinette Fouqué, President of the Alliance des Femmes pour la démocratie, Paris, where he asked his help. Immediately, Fouqué created a Committee for the defence of Taslima Nasrin, which included intellectuals and artists such as Catherine Deneuve and Françoise Sagan. That same month, Salman Rushdie, anglo-hindu writer sentenced to death by Ayatollah Khomeini in 1989 for his book Satanic Verses, began a campaign of solidarity with the bengali author, through a series of weekly letters of various writers coordinated by Reporters without borders.

On 4 August 1994, the most wanted woman in Bangladesh surrendered to judicial authorities by putting an end to two months of hiding. Attorney general Aminul Hunq, asked the Court for Nasrin bail, since Bangladesh is granted to women always. If declared guilty the author of shame, this was likely to serve a sentence of two years of hard labour in prison. On 10 August, Nasrin left Bangladesh and moved to Stockholm (Sweden). The Minister of Foreign Affairs Sweden Margareta af Ugglas made public the news and said that Nasrin had entered the country on a tourist visa so it was not "a question of political asylum".

On August 18, 1994, he reappeared in public to receive the Kurt Tucholsky Prize, annually awarded the Swedish section of the International Pen Club. This award, which aims to reward persecuted writers, is endowed with $20,000. On 7 October, it was announced that Nasrin was the favorite candidate for the Sakharov Prize for human rights and freedom of conscience, which grants the European Parliament that year. His candidacy was filed by various groups on the left of this organism.

He returned to Bangladesh in September 1998 and was presented to the Supreme Court in Dhaka to answer to the charge of blasphemy. They granted him bail, but threats continued and he decided to return to Sweden at the end of January 1999. Shortly after, in March of the same year came his novel sister of Nupur, where spoke of the daily spend of the women in the India.

In addition to six novels, including return, columns selected and shame controversy, he has published five books of poetry and four essays.

Nasrin was married three times. Her first husband was Rudra Mohammad Shahidullah, poet who abused alcohol and drugs and beat writer with violence.