Biography of Nefertari (ca. 1293-1265 a.C.)

(Nfr.t-iry) second Royal wife of Pharaoh Rameses II, from the 19th dynasty, but the most beloved to deduct from the texts that have survived. The family history of such a woman, probably originally from Thebes, will ignore and it was part of the copious harem Sethi I had given to his son and heir Rameses II. Practically, during the first 24 years of the reign of her husband was by her side in numerous acts and religious ceremonies by all Egypt (Karnak, Luxor and Abydos especially), regardless, known, clashes with the other wives of Rameses II, including the first one, called Iset-neferet.

Nefertari gave her husband a total of six children: four (Amonherkhopsef, Paraherunemef, Meryre and Meryatum) males and two females (Meryt-Amon and Henuttauy), which also became Queens to marriage with his own father. Nefertari played an important role in the international diplomatic relations, and it is known that he exchanged correspondence and gifts with the Kings of Hatti Khattusilis III and his wife Pudu-Khepa. Series of epithets that gave Rameses to Nefertari praising her beauty had its material manifestation in the extraordinary temple devoted to - along with the goddess Hathor - in Abu Simbel, called commonly "Small Speos", in which are colossal figures of Nefertari in the niches on the façade. Between plastic representations of the Queen, it should be noted that appears on the front of the throne of the extraordinary sitting statue of Rameses II, the Museum of Turin. Nefertari had to die before the first Jubilee of her husband, given that on that occasion the Queen post was occupied by Bant-Anta, daughter of Pharaoh and his first wife, Iset-neferet. In addition, Rameses II built her one of the most beautiful and monumental tombs in the Valley of the Queens, discovered at the beginning of this century and which stands out for the delicacy of his paintings. Unfortunately, such tomb was looted already in antiquity and it only have been able to recover some fragments of the sarcophagus and mummy of Queen, a few plates of gold and silver with the name of Nefertari, about 30 shabtis and some of alabaster and ceramic vessels.

Ancient Egypt.