Biography of Nefertiti (ca. 1384-1343 a.C.)

(Nfr-ti-ty or Nfr (t) - ity or Nfr-nfrw-Itn) Wife of Amenhotep IV (Akhenaten) and daughter of Ay, military and Royal and Tiy II type, although this only nurse of Nefertiti is entitled. It has been thought that it would be the daughter of a first wife of Ay and that, after his death, his daughter was educated by the new wife of Ay, the aforementioned Tiy. Its name, which means "the beautiful has come", got to thinking it would be Princess Tadu-Khepa, daughter of the King of Mitanni, Tushratta, sent to Egypt before the request of Amenhotep III, but that it would have eventually contracted marriage with his son, Amenhotep IV (Akhenaten). Today we know that with the expression "the beautiful has come" is alluded to the goddess Hathor, and was therefore a name theophorus, applicable to the real wife on the occasion of the Sed festivals. In fact, Nefertiti was the daughter of a family of Egyptian of the minor nobility, originating in Akhmim, whose father, the already aforementioned Ay, would have scaled positions of importance. Ignored why Amenhotep IV took her wife, when he/she should have been United with Satamón II, the Crown Princess. In any case, the King shared with her not only the religious reform - cult of Aton-, which was unconditional addict, but also various official acts and, even, according to some, the coregency. Nefertiti gave her husband in Thebes three daughters: Meritaton, who married Smenkhkare; Meketaton, who died prematurely, and Ankhesenpaatn (then called Ankhesenamn), and married to Tutankhamun. Also had three other daughters who were born in Akhetatón (Tell el-Amarna), of which only the name is known: Nefer-nefrure-Aton and Nefer-neferu-Re Setep-en-Ré. Nefertiti had a sister, Mut-nedjemetname, which then marry Horemheb and would therefore also be a Queen of Egypt. From the fourth tenth year of the reign of Akhenaten, Queen Nefertiti, whose name had been complemented from time back with Neferneferuaten - about this name and its identification or not Nefertiti there found theories-, stayed away from his side, living in the Northern Palace of Tell el-Amarna, called Het Iten (Aton Castillo), aware of the danger of the reform of Aton, according to some theories, either concerned about anything, seeing that her husband would have approached the clergy of Amon. Next to it remained Tutankhamon and his wife, Ankhesenamn, daughter of Nefertiti. Some think that it was disowned by the King, although there is no evidence for this claim. Gone Akhenaton, Nefertiti could govern - according to some theories - with name crest of Ankh (et) kheperure, and remained in power for three years (Pauah graffiti, in the tomb of Pany) turned to the orthodoxy of Amon (there is a relief that the figure touched with a Crown amoniana). Ignored how died and where he/she was buried. The beautiful busts of the Queen, found at Tell el-Amarna and now preserved in the museums of Berlin (East of polychromed limestone, 50 cm high, the most famous) and Cairo (from quartzite and only 33 cm tall) respectively, are two of the masterpieces of sculpture of all time.