Biography of Stanislav Kostka Neumann (1875-1947)

Poet and Czech cultural animator, born in Prague in 1875 and died in his hometown in 1947. Man deep anarchic convictions and no less strong humanistic inclinations, put his literary inspiration in the service of their ideology, socio-political, to become one of the most important figures of the Czech cultural scene from the first half of the 20th century.

Poet fertile and precocious, was unveiled with little more than twenty years of age by means of the collection of poems entitled apostrophes proud and passionate (1896), a magnificent debut that, since the privileged frontispiece of its title, it announced the force arrogant and aggressive of their sweeping verses, which displayed a radical individualism which attacked against all social norms and, very pointed way, against the religious beliefs of greater deployment in your environment. Developed, thanks to this impetuous irruption in the main forums and literary Cenacle of Prague, in a kind of standard-bearer for the writers and artists of radical anarchical tendency, in 1897 he/she founded, to consolidate this trend, the magazine new cult, where they accommodate poems, articles, collaborations and other writings of Czech authors who shared the libertarian spirit of Neumann.

Identical conceptual roughness and similar aesthetic and ideological aggressiveness showed his poetic second installment, published at the beginning of the 20th century under the significant title of dream of the troop of desperate (1903). However, with the passage of time, his poetic voice was dimming this steely combative tone for – without ever leaving their radical progressive ideas - accommodate issues that supported a more positive approach, as the exaltation of nature (thus, v. gr., in the collection of poems entitled book of the forests, waters and the hills(, 1914) or trust in the intrinsic values of man and the possible regeneration of contemporary society (as in new songs, 1918).

Echoes socio-political that were keeping his work from his first compositions, daughters by the events that occurred in Eastern Europe, then joyfully joined the revolutionary cause of the proletariat, which extolled with so much poetic inspiration as a collective illusion in new collections of verses as passionate as red songs (1923), heart and clouds (1935) and old workers (1936). Subsequently, the menacing spread of nazi ideology throughout Europe and the invasion of Czechoslovakia by the German troops accentuated his combative and patriotic resistance from the ranks of communism, and did not hesitate to resort to versificadora easy to condemn angrily, from the fortified stronghold of Marxism, the devastating effects of the nazi totalitarianism that had led to the major Nations to a World War conflagration. These latter lamentations of Stanislav Kostka Neumann saw the light in his poems entitled years without background (1945) and infected years (1946).