Actor and American filmmaker born in Neptune (N.j.) on April 22, 1937. His real name is John Joseph Nicholson.
Beginning at a young age were as amateur actor, where he demonstrated to be clear which was the profession that wanted to engage. Hence it made the leap to television, with minor roles. He was lucky when Roger Corman (who calibrated with great success the qualities of a boy who was barely twenty years) discovered him and gave him the opportunity to start making films.
His first performance on screen was in Cry baby killer (1958), Jus Addiss, a B movie (which then would do several more). In the following years the own Corman directed in films as the shop of horrors (1960) or the Raven (1963), based on the story of Edgar Allan Poe. They were minor, low-budget films, aimed at an audience without excessive demands but filmed with the ability and good rhythm, where Nicholson found an excellent opportunity to learn and mingle with actors but not in first-order it with less talent, such as the case of Vincent Price and Peter Lorre.
It is possible that have not produced an unexpected circumstance, the actor had spent much time in this type of film and even had not reached star status. The reality is that in 1969 he participated in looking for my destination (1969), Dennis Hopper, film that achieved an unexpected success despite the risky of its argument, the adventures of two motorists through the United States in a few years that LSD and other drugs were in vogue.
The Decade of the seventies witnessed its final launch to stardom, thanks to films like Chinatown (1974) by Roman Polanski, and one flew over the nest of the cuckoo (1975), MilosForman. The first is one of the more intelligent works of the Polish director, where plays the elements and structures typical of traditional film noir and know to skillfully adapt them to the film tastes of those years; Nicholson plays a detective of the type of which authors such as Raymond Chandler and James M. Cain had popularized to throughout the Decade of the thirty in his novels. For its part, one flew over the cuckoo's nest was one more blockbuster films of those years; Nicholson achieved a retrospective interpretation, to the point that more than one specialist considered that it was virtually impossible that someone ph5 reactions to the shock of the form that made him the actor. He was rewarded with an Oscar for his work in this film.
From this moment Nicholson joined the roster of actors most famous and best paid of Hollywood, Payroll that has not left yet, despite having starred in thunderous failures of blockbusters like Missouri (1976), Arthur Penn, beside Marlon Brando. However, it is perhaps at the beginning of the 1980's when its name was finally consecrated after performing the title role in the adaptation of the eponymous novel by Stephen King -the shining (1980), directed by Stanley Kubrick. She tells the process of mental evolution towards the madness suffered by a man who tries to be novelist when he held, along with his wife and his son, as lost in the mountain hotel Guarda. Many critics felt that his interpretation betokened the overacting, something which has systematically been accused throughout his career. However, its role caused printing and film, as it would happen with others of the same director, has been a benchmark in the history of cinema. During the following years his work continued growing and its popularity continued growing. Of this period include his participation in the postman always flame twice (1981), by Bob Rafelson, which had already previously worked. The scene that shares with Jessica Lange in the kitchen of the House, perhaps one of the most famous erotic scenes of world filmography is to remember. Then came the honor of Prizzi (1985), one of the last works of John Huston. The Ribbon, a perspective certainly ironic, tells the story of a woman who becomes a professional killer (brilliantly played by Kathleen Turner) within the mafia always tortuous environment.
Years later, Nicholson worked at Wolf (1994), Mike Nichols, another production, coprotagonizada by Michelle Pfeiffer, which did not achieve the expected result, but it showed the desire for originality that the actor has the choice of many of his characters; on this occasion gets into the skin of an editor that is bitten by a Wolf and, from that moment, it turns into werewolf. Already in full maturity, he returned to get the Oscar for his memorable role in better impossible (1998), a comedy in which represents the role of a writer in look grumpy and unfriendly, solitary and maniac, that ultimately has a big heart and a great desire to love and be loved. Its companion of cast, Helen Hunt, also won the Oscar for her excellent performance.
Jack Nicholson, as many others, have also felt attracted to the direction, work that has made three films, in addition to having also acted in some of them. It's Drive, he said (1971), South (1978) road and the two Jaks (1990). All the more interesting is the latest, a tape that is unrelated to Chinatown, where it returns to reproduce the atmosphere of film noir and detective, and his role was similar to that played in the film by Polanski. Although it is undoubtedly a great connoisseur of the medium, the actor fails to directorial pass correct in his work behind the camera, without reaching, for the moment, have the popularity it has gained as an actor.
Jack Nicholson, throughout his long career, confirms that fits equally to comedy to drama, the irony and tragedy, and that his face has an expressiveness out of the ordinary. It is a clear case of someone who enjoys their work and not indifferent to the spectators. It is undisputed that it is one of the most famous actors that has given the film. While some professionals consider him to be the best living film actor, others, on the contrary, believe that you it's an exaggerated histrion. In any case, his figure is part hopelessly in the history of the seventh art as one of the performers most popular and personal of the last decades of the 20th century.
Nicholson opened the new century with another memorable performance in the film A propósito de Schmidt (Alexander Payne, 2002), which was awarded the Golden Globe for best dramatic actor of the year. Also during the Festival of Berlin was granted, in February 2004, the Golden camera, when he presented his new movie when you least expect it, in which shares the limelight with actress Diane Keaton. The infiltrators (2006), before leaving (2007) and How Do You Know (2010) some of his works are more recent.
1958: Cry Baby Killer.1959: Too Soon To Love.1960: Studs Lonigan; The Wild Ride; The little shop of horrors; Too Soon to Love. 1962: The Broken Land.1963: Crow; The terror (and uncredited director). 1964: brave marine!; Back Door to Hell.1965: Ride in the Whirlwind (and screenwriter and producer). 1966: through the hurricane; Flight to Fury (and screenwriter). 1967: the St. Valentine's day massacre; The shooting (and producer); Hells Angels on Wheels.1968: Passport to madness; Head (and screenwriter and producer). 1969: looking for my destino.1970: routes of violence; My life is my life; Back to my lado.1971: A Safe Place; Knowledge carnal.1972: The King of Marvin Gardens.1973: the last deber.1974: Chinatown; The reportero.1975: two crooks and heritage; One flew over the cuckoo's nest; Tommy.1976: Missouri; The last magnate.1978: Road South (and Manager). 1980: the resplandor.1981: the postman always rings twice; Red; Notre Dame of the croisette.1982: the frontera.1983: the strength of the carino.1985: the honour of the Prizzi.1986: the pastel.1987 is over: Ironweed; The witches of Eastwick; At the edge of the noticia.1989: Batman.1990: the two Jakes (and Manager). 1992: some good men; Hoffa: a pulse to power; She never is niega.1994: Lobo.1995: crossing the oscuridad.1996: the power of love: the story continues; Mars Attacks! 1997: Blood and wine; Best... imposible.2002: Schmidt.2004 purpose: when least expect you. 2006: The infiltrators. 2007: Before leaving. 2010: How Do You Know.
1963: Thunder Island.1967: The Trip.1971: Drive, He Said (and director and producer).
Works for television:
1959: Mr. Lucky; Hawaiian Eye; Tales of Fargo.1960 Wells: The Andy Griffith Show.1966: Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea.1980: Making "The Shining". 1999: A Salute to Dustin Hoffman.