Biography of Nitocris I (ca. 656-586 a.C.)

(Nt-ikrty) Egyptian Princess, daughter of Psammético I and Mehetemueskhet. Nitocris I, thanks to the political handling of his father, was able to be adopted in the year 656 B.c. in the brotherhood of women of Thebes who had the vote of Amon, controlled by the "divine wife" Shepenupet II, daughter of the King Piankhi, according to references to the so-called "stele of adoption", located in Karnak. Thanks to such adoption, which became heiress of the divine wife, Nitocris I his father Psammético I could control the Theban clergy, provided land and other property in kind to Nitocris I under its adoption, and also handle many issues of the high Egypt, to have removed power to the Governor of Thebes and fourth Prophet of Amun, Mentuemhat, Advisor to the divine wife Shepenupet II. With all this, Psammetico I achieved, albeit temporarily, a reunification of upper and lower Egypt during the dynasty XXVI.

Nitocris I, who remained in the brotherhood for seventy years, surrounded himself with a series of important servers and stewards, among whom was perhaps Shoshenq, son of Harsiese, and adopted daughter of Psammético II, in 595 BC at the same time in the brotherhood, as the future wife of Amun Ankhenesneferibreto, Nitocris I was buried in Deir el-Medineh and its chapel was built in neighboring Medinet Habuwith three shrines one herself and the others to their natural and adoptive mothers respectively. In the name of Nitocris I made some constructions in Karnak, Luxor, Malgata, Abydos and Medamud. The fragments of one of his sculptures in black granite, as well as the lid of his sarcophagus are preserved in the Cairo museum.