German poet, born 2 May 1772 at Oberwiederstedt (Franconia) and died at Weissenfels (Halle) in 1801. The work of Novalis, pseudonym of Friedrich Leopold von Hardenberg, is imbued with a strong sense of death, either by Pietism instilled in childhood, either by their weak physical Constitution.
He studied under a private tutor; later, in 1789, he/she studied in Eisleben, right; at Jena he/she studied philosophy; He/She was teacher to Fichte and Schiller. In some of his earliest writings, the influence of Schiller looks very clear. He/She befriended Schlegel in the city of Leipzig. In 1794 he/she met Sophie von Kühn, who died of consumption three years more later when they were committed; Sophie had only fifteen years. At Jena he/she came into contact with the romantic circles; When his beloved died, he/she settled in Weissenfels-Saale, as an officer of the Saxon salt. In 1800 he/she obtained an important position in the mines. Novalis died of phthisis. His work was published in Athenäum and romantic almanacs; gathered it his friends Schleger and Tieck in 1802. His fear of death expressed it in: hymns to the night, written in 1797 and published in 1800. He/She is author of spiritual chants, 1799; and songs to María, popular tone, where patent their fervent devotion. Universalist vision is the writing philosophical-religious Christendom or Europe, 1799, he/she had already previously, related literature and politics in the fragments, 1798, about religion, poetry, philosophy, science, music, revealing concerns Mystic romantic. He/She left unfinished a novel the disciples of Sais, 1798-99, with the delicate fable of hyacinth and Flor de Rosa. Perhaps his best work: Heinrich von Ofterdingen, written in 1798-1801 and Tieck who published in 1802; It is the autobiography of a romantic poet.He exalted the unit magic of the visible and the invisible, in opposition to the prose of Goethe's Wilhelm Meister, through poetry.