Biography of Jean-Georges Noverre (1727-1810)

Dancer, choreographer, ballet master and French dance theorist, born in Paris, April 29, 1727 and died in Saint-Gemain-en-Laye on October 19, 1810.

Although her parents wanted to follow a military career, Noverre showed his interest in dance since childhood. He/She began his studies with Louis Dupré and Jean-Barthélemy Lany, and debuted in 1743 in l' Opéra-Comique in Paris. He/She then went to Berlin with Lany to work as a dancer at the Court of Federico the large. On his return to France in 1748, he/she made his first choreography for the Operas of Marseille, Strasbourg and Lyon, until in 1754 he/she returned to l' Opéra-Comique in Paris, where put in scene Les fêtes Chinoises (1754), created a few years earlier in Marseille, La Fontaine de Jouvence (1754), Les Matelots (1755) and Les Rejouissances Flamandian (1755).

In 1755, he/she was hired by the Drury Lane Theatre in London to present their production of Les fêtes Chinoises, which was wildly boycotted in the first performances, when the war between France and England had begun. However, Noverre had been very impressed by the dramatic realism of the players in this theater, in particular that of David Garrick, and was determined to apply this model to the French traditional dance, as expressed in his book Lettres Sur la Danse et Sur les Ballets (Lyon, 1760), in which urged new dancers and choreographers to forget the steps complicated benefit of expressiveness and emotion-laden productionswith lighter dressing rooms and in the absence of masks; d'action dance a new way of understanding known as ballet.

Shortly after the publication of this Treaty, Noverre marched to the Württemberg Court in Stuttgart, where put on stage his ballet Alceste, ou Le Triomphe de L'Amour (1761), La Mort D'hercule (1762), psyché et L'Amour (1762), Orpheus und Eurydice (1763), the tragedy of Médée et Jason (1762), premiered by Gaetano Vestris, Hypermnestra (1764), L' enlèvement de Proserpine (1766) and Don Chischott (1767), among others. Then went to Vienna, there presenting his grotesque ballet Alceste (1767), Les Petits Riens (1768), Flora (1769), Iphigenie en Tauride (1772), Venus et Adonis (1773), Acis et Galathée (1773) and Les Amours de Vénus, ou La Vengeance de Vulcain (1773). After a few years in Milan, returned to France in 1776, as master of the ballet de l' Opéra de Paris, and in October of that same year premiered Apelles et Campaspe, with Anne Heinel and Maximilen Gardel in the main roles. Gardel deliberately made numerous mistakes during the show, due to his anger for not being named maestro de l' Opéra. Finally, Noverre lost the post in 1779. Two years later, he/she directed his own group of French dancers at the King's Theatre in London, where it premiered Apollon et les Muses (1782), Les Offrandes à l'Amour (1787), Les fêtes Provençales (1789), Les Epoux du Tempe (1793) and Adelaide, ou La Bergère des Alpes (1794), among others. He/She died in Saint-Germain-en-Laye. In his honor is celebrated in this city, on April 29 of each year "Day world of the dance", instituted by the International Theatre Institute - Unite since 1982.