(1776-1834)'/> (1776-1834)' /> (1776-1834)' />
Military and Spanish writer, born in San Sebastián in May 21, 1776 and died in Montpellier on May 17, 1834.
Son of Lieutenant Colonel José O'Donnell and O'Donnell and María Ana Anethan and Maréchal, joined as a younger Cadet in October 1783, and in June 1787 Ireland infantry regiment. In September of 1788 was second lieutenant. He defended Ceuta against the Moroccans in 1789, joined Rosas (in the war against France) in 1794, served in Algeciras and San Roque in 1796, and then in the Canary Islands, and returned to the Peninsula in 1802. Contributed to the defence of Girona between 1808 and 1809, amounted to brigadier in 1809, and in the same year, and in April 1810 quarterback was general Lieutenant and captain general of the Principality.
He published a proclamation to the Catalans (asparagus, on January 31, 1810), which introduced the lottery as a means of recruitment in Catalonia; a notice (Tarragona, 20 of April, 1810; inserts into the mercantile Journal of Cadiz, on June 11, 1810), about the abuse of many merchants, delivering food and effects to the enemy; an agenda to their soldiers, then the action of Lerida on 23 April 1810 (inserts in the same newspaper, on June 6, 1810); and three edictos-proclamas: "Catalanes" (Villafranca, 1810), "Edict to pursue deserters" (San Vicente de el Horts, 15 may 1810), "Catalans" (Tarragona, 22 may 1810; on the occasion of the loss of Lérida, reproduced in the trade journal on 29 June 1810).
Seriously injured, he had to leave temporarily command the 2 June 1810. He called in Tarragona Congress provincial of Catalonia, on July 4, 1810, to the 16th, to delegates of the jurisdictions and the religious orders helped the Board and himself in the war effort, in everything related to the contributions and corregimental statistics, but also expected that Congress serve as a channel for complaints and aspirations of citizens. His "notice to the Governor of the castle of Morella", together with the reply, dated July 16, 1810, she appeared in the mercantile Journal of Cadiz, on August 16, 1810. On 17 July O'Donnell gave, at the opening of the Congress, a speech entitled "Spain and the Spanish presence of their courts in 1810" (Tarragona, 1810; also published in the same journal, August 14, 1810).
It is credited with the brochure preliminaries to the Constitution for the Kingdom of Spain. Dedicated to the courts a Spanish (Tarragona, 10 October 1810, with further editions in Palma, Valencia, 1810, and Lima, 1811), but the firm D. A. of E., Valencian Edition, seems to deny it (according to a summary in the mercantile Journal of December 19, 1810). After the surprise of La Bisbal, received the title of count of this population, although it was the first sign of the Avisbal (then common at the time). It seems that it was he who allowed exemption from wealthy fifths, resulting in an income of 236.816 hard, corresponding to 471 fifths; also enabled RID to who give fifty guns, and several were fifths that accepted this mode.
General in Chief of the army of the Center and Andalusia, named October 6, 1811. On 22 January 1812 he was one of the Regents of the Quintillo; resigned on August 21, 1812 (although the representation that explains his motives has date of 18), by the censorship manifested before the incapacity of his brother José, but is officially admitted on August 31, 1812. He directed a representation to the courts, to which answered José Canga-Argüelles. In 1813 he obtained the command of the reserve army of Andalusia, passing then to Navarre. On May 2, 1814 he launched from Logroño proclamation "soldiers of the army of Andalusia. Exaltation of the most beloved of the Kings, with a handful of anarchists"(reprinted in Cadiz in 1814).
Fernando VII, on 2 September 1814, appointed him captain general of Andalucía and Governor of Cádiz. In 1817, it seems that he was committed to Lacy, but he knew how to disguise it to check the result of the removal of this. In a trade (Cádiz, 6 January 1819), reported the death of Queen María Isabel, and orders the ensuing mourning. General in Chief of the assembled army of Andalusia in 1819, is had by liberal conspirator, although the main conspirators arrested on 8 July 1819 in El Palmar. Sent in 1820 to combat to irrigation, it chose to proclaim the Constitution in Ocaña. However, after this action appeared equally suspicious to Liberals and absolutists, who feared her ambition. Eusebio López Polo published a letter addressed to you by Avisbal (Valdepeñas, March 22, 1820, printed in Madrid and reprinted in Seville by Godfather), about his behavior since the return of the King. In April 1820 he was assigned to old Castile, with residence in Santander, although it then went to Catalonia, where the Liberals were downright evil.
He returned to Castilla la Vieja, this time at Avila and Valladolid. On August 3, 1822 was appointed Inspector of infantry and militia, with residence in Segovia, but he resigned from the post to know that his brother Carlos had become separated from the nation, marching to France. Captain general of Castilla la Nueva, the count of Montijo wrote a letter, May 11, 1823, in which invited him to save Spain, rising up against the Constitution. In its reply, dated 15, was contrary to the Constitution of Cadiz, but still believed possible a revision of agreement with the King and with foreign powers, and thus stop the war (both letters Montijo published in 1823). In the same month of may, it published a manifesto where he openly defended the constitutional revision, so many liberals abandoned him. In fact, it was already talking with the French. He then published "Notes relating to my campaign of the year 1820 against irrigation" (Madrid, 1823), first published in the Restorer (October 1823), but could not prevent the absolute power reaction you and refer you to process. It evaded, but he was again caught at Bilbao; However, Prince Hohenlohe delivered him and gave him the transfer to France, where he received a pension of 12,000 annual real.
He lived in Limoges. When the Amnesty came in 1834, when was Spain road, died suddenly, knowing that Zumalacárregui had shot to his firstborn son, Captain Leopoldo O'Donnell and bourgeois.
He was married to María Ignacia Burgués and Caramany. He had large crosses of San Fernando, Carlos III and Isabel la Católica. It was origin of an award, created July 2, 1817, and Cruz de La Bisbal, San Feliú and Palamós.
MOYA and JIMENEZ, Francisco and King JOLY, Celestino. The army and Navy in the Cortes of Cadiz. (Cádiz, 1913).
PALAU and DULCET, Antonio: Manual of Hispanic bookseller. 2nd ed. (Barcelona, 1948-1977).
Commercial newspaper of Cádiz [confront cited numbers].
RIAÑO, Camilo: The Lieutenant General Don Antonio Nariño. (Bogotá, 1973).
Editor General of Spain (No. 599, on February 2, 1813).
Archivo General military of Segovia.Letter to López pole" (national newspaper library, 330-24).
SAIZ CASTELLANOS, Pedro. Notes on the campaigns of Catalonia in 1822 and 1823. (Veracruz, 1828).
A GIL NOVALES.