Biography of Manuel Arturo Odría (1897-1974)

Politician and Peruvian military, President from 1950 until 1956, born on November 26, 1897 in Tarma (Department of Junín) and died on February 18, 1974 in Lima.

He graduated the military school in 1919, which became professor in 1924, when he/she was promoted to captain. Between 1927 and 1937 followed a course of specialization in the Superior School of war. He/She participated in the battle of Zarumilla in the conflict with Ecuador (July 1941), and in 1942, with the rank of Colonel, he/she was appointed director of the Superior School of war. He/She then travelled to United States to carry out a weapons workshop. Promoted to general in 1946, he/she served as Chief of the army staff, Government Minister and Chief of police between 1947 and 1948. On October 28 of that last year led a military pronouncement in Arequipa that next day forced to flee President José Luis Bustamante, which had distanced by his reluctance to declare illegal the party Alianza Popular Revolucionaria Americana (APRA).

He formed a military Junta which governed the country until 1950, year in which held a presidential election that Odría attended as a single candidate. In its record of dyes populist and nationalist, he/she pursued viciously the aprista movement and instead promoted public works and introduced some social improvements for the most unprotected class. Towards the end of his term in 1956, he/she travelled around the United States and Europe, and on July 28 of that year gave the Presidency to the winner in the elections of June 17 of that year, Manuel Prado Ugarteche.

In 1962 he/she formed the Odriíst National Union, which was expected to return to the Presidency in the elections of June 10 of that year. After the cancellation of the same by the army, for having won the APRA Raúl Haya de la Torre, Odría returned to try again in the elections of June 9, 1963; He/She was in third place with 25´5% of the votes after Haya de la Torre and Fernando Belaúnde Terry, which then would become more difficult the task of parliamentary Alliance with the APRA Government.

R. Ortiz de Zárate