Biography of Juan Carlos Onetti (1909-1994)

Uruguayan writer, born in Montevideo on July 1, 1909 and died on 30 May 1994, one of the greatest figures of the Uruguayan literature.

He was sub-editor of March, publication of deep cultural and political impact in Latin America over a lengthy period of time. Resided in Buenos Aires in the years 1930-1934 and 1941-1955, this last year that set their stay in Montevideo. Here he worked on the daily action and was director of public libraries; However, after an imprisonment of three months, he decided to move to Spain in 1975. In 1961 he received the national prize of literature of Uruguay, the criticism in 1979, the Cervantes in 1980 and the Grand Prix in 1985.

His work, which is very extensive, includes the most diverse genres, but is the novel their privileged field of action; in this sense, novelisticas first creations make it already a writer admired by a number of readers of his native country, even if it failed then the international recognition which has today. These early novels were well (1939), Tierra de nadie (1941), for this night (1943), brief life (1950) and goodbyes (1954). Among them, the brief life, deserves special consideration, even though the same Fund focuses on one of the basic reasons for the work of Onetti: the loneliness of the individual, psychologically alienated and lacking a reason for its existence, so it is compelled to imagine other ways of life where their dreams are fitted. Rounding out his novelistic world books the face of misfortune (1960), the shipyard (1961), Juntacadaveres (1964), let us talk to the wind (1979) and when then (1987), which, in some ways, constitute a narrative cycle, with recurrences of characters and stories, started with brief life.

Other aspects of his activity as a writer is represented by their collections of stories; including a realized dream books and other stories (1951), the much-feared hell (1962), Jacob, and the other can be cited (1965), first story in this book which won the prize of Life magazine in 1960, complete stories (1967), the stolen bride and other stories (1968), presence and other Tales (1986), etc.


Fernando Ainsa, the pitfalls of Onetti, Montevideo, 1970.

Marilyn Frankenthaler, Juan Carlos Onetti: salvation by the way, New York, 1977.

Djelal Kadir, Juan Carlos Onetti, Boston, 1977.

Josefina Ludmer, Onetti: the processes of construction of the narrative, Buenos Aires, 1977.

Hugo Verani, Onetti, the ritual of imposture, Caracas, 1981.