King of France, born in Paris in 1773 and died in England in 1849. Son of Duke Louis-Philippe d' Orléans, called Philippe égalité and Louise-Marie Adélaïde of Penthièvre Bourbon. He said great enthusiasm for the revolutionary ideas in his youth, and belonged to the Jacobin club until the end of the year 1791, which was intended to send a regiment. Did the campaign of 1782, finding in Valmi, Jemmapes and others made notable from that. He joined the Austrians with Dumouriez, and went wandering around Europe and America until the restoration. In 1809 he married María Amelia, daughter of King Fernando of the two Siciias. In 1815 he returned to Paris, where Luis XVIII welcomed him and put him back in possession of their property. He attended the consecration of Carlos X, who then granted the title of Royal Highness, and compensation of 16.000.000 francs, for the losses suffered during the emigration in Reims. However, later joined Talleyrand, and forward the funds to the Foundation of the national newspaper which contributed to the dethronement of Carlos X. When the revolution of 1830 broke out, it was hidden until the night of July 30, and then suddenly arose in Paris, where his friends managed to denature that movement, and do so to proclaim King. All of Europe's powers were quick to recognize you, joyful not to see again established the Republic in France. Only the Government of Fernando VII of Spain refused it. Then Luis Felipe provided resources to mine and other Spanish migrants to make a liberal attempt at the Peninsula; but he abandoned them as soon as he was recognized by Fernando. He married his son Montpensier with the second daughter of Fernando VII, which became over time at Montpensier candidate to the throne of Spain. During his Government, he favored the material interests; but his policy was anti-liberal and reactionary, thus denying their primitive tendencies of the old Jacobin, and even in the early days of his reign, which provided in the street only, with his umbrella under his arm, shaking hands to all those who greeted him, and singing the Marseillaise on the balcony of his palace. He favored the Spanish Carlists in the civil war from 1833 to 1840, and, immediately, the oppressive system that dominated in Spain after 1843. He had to overcome many insurrections in France, and was exposed to many assassination attempts; until finally, the revolution of 1848, which started in the name of electoral reform, and ended by the proclamation of the Republic, threw the throne. He then moved to England, and there ended his days to the following year, at the age of 75.
ROMERO ALPUENTE, j.: Speech on the Supreme Board Central of conspirators against the constitutional system, and about the legal and moral responsibility of Ministers. Madrid 1821. (reimp. Barcelona 1821).
GIL NOVALES, a.: from the old to the new regime in Spain. 1986 Caracas.