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American jazz musician, born in La Place (Louisiana) on December 25, 1886 and died in Hawaii on January 23, 1973.
He began his career as an interpreter of banjo, which then changed by the trombone, and his relaxed style, poor technical, but very effective and often powerful, earned you the complicity of the very largest of the first batch of jazz musicians, from Louis Armstrong - who shared the stage at his two main bands, the Hot Five and Hot Seven - to Jelly Roll Morton. His way of playing, which under the name of tailgate was very imitated, it was to make very marked below rhythmic figures from lines of instruments (trumpets and cornets) soloists.
Endowed with a rare talent for business, it was probably the first to notice that the emerging market of jazz needed to be wrapped in a good wrapping paper to be helpful economically, what I wanted to say a proper staging and impeccable execution. Very picky about this last, not admitted any error in his musicians, who defenestraba with ease, but those who answered you indulged them onstage, accompanied them with remarkable security and knew them to be seduced. Among them were the mentioned Armstrong, Sidney Bechet, King Oliver, Jimmy Noone and Johnny Dodds.
He was a member of the Red Hot Peppers of Jelly Roll Morton, and accompanied to the blues singer Ma Rainey. Moved to California for health reasons in 1922, he/she met to spin to a group of musicians of great quality that made a recording. They were these the Americans first which came in a study - if you can call it that to places that were carried out these recordings, mere hotel rooms with a microphone and a recorder in the other room. The band's name was Spike completo Seven Pods of Pepper Orchestra, and in that historic record Ory completo Creole Trombone and Society Blues were recorded.
In the 1930s, with the birth of the swing era, he/she knew how to retire on time, and was dedicated to the breeding of chickens on a farm for nearly a decade, associated with his brother. In the mid-1940s he/she returned to the stage with a band of great quality, and made an appearance on the radio show of Orson Welles , who had great success and meant a brief revival of New Orleans style. With his band, the Kid Ory s Creole Jazz Band, performed several world tours with great success. In 1947 he/she appeared on celluloid, in the film New Orleans de Arthur Lubin. His most famous composition, Muskrat Ramble, was a success in 1955. He/She retired definitely from scenarios in 1966, at the age of eighty.
FRANCHINI, V. Il Jazz, the tradition. Piccola library Ricordi, Milan, 1958.
FORDHAM, J. The essential guide to jazz on CD. Greenwich Ed, N.Y., 1991-1993.
http://www.redhotjazz.com; General information about jazz (English).