Man State filipino, born in Cebu on September 9, 1878 and died in Manila on October 19, 1961. He was President of the Philippines from 1944 to 1946.
He graduated in law at the University of Santo Tomas in Manila, in 1903. He then worked as an editor in Cebu of the Spanish newspaper El Nuevo Día. In 1904, the colonial administration of the United States appointed him as Governor of the province of Cebu and as a Prosecutor in the provinces of Cebu and Negros Oriental, and in 1907 he was elected delegate to the Philippine National Assembly. That same year he founded the nationalist party, which in the long run would be the dominant formation in the political life of the country.
He was leader of the nationalists until 1921, year in which was replaced by Manuel Quezón, who had joined him in a coalition. Already become speaker of the House of representatives (1916), he was then elected to the Senate in 1923. In 1933 he moved to Washington, D.C. to begin talks that would finally lead to the independence of the Philippines. In 1935, Osmeña was appointed Vice-President, with Quezon as President. He remained in that position during the Japanese occupation, when the Government was exiled in Washington. On the death of Quezon in August 1944, Osmeña became President. He held that position until April 1946 elections, in which he was defeated by Manuel Roxas, who became the first President of the independent Republic of the Philippines.