Biography of Amédeé Ozenfant (1886-1966)

French painter, creator along with Le Corbusier's el Purismo, born in Saint-Quentin on April 15, 1886. He/She began painting at the age of fourteen, and in 1904, attends the Municipal School of drawing in your city. The following year he/she settled in Paris, where he/she began working in an architectural firm to study painting with Charles Cottet in the Académie of the Palette. Begins his friendship with La Fresnaye and his first solo exhibition takes place in Paris in 1908, in the Hall of the national society of fine arts. It participates in the autumn Salon of 1910 and the des Independants in 1911. Between 1909 and 1913, travel across Russia, Italy, Belgium and the Netherlands. Meet Charles Edouart Jeanneret (Le Corbusier) in 1917, and together formulated the principles of Purism in the manifesto entitled après Le Cubisme, published at the same time the first purist exhibition of Gallery Thomas in Paris. Guitar and bottles of 1920.. .ejemplifica the postulates of purism, approaching Cubism prior to 1914 (in particular to the rational interpretation of grey), the purists reject the rear of cubism, as excessively decorative and disordered phase. They think that the chaos of the natural world should not become part of the organizing mechanism of the human mind... (Flint).

Between 1920 and 1925, he/she collaborates with Le Corbusier on the journal l'esprit Nouveau. In 1924, with Leger, opening a Studio-workshop with students and in 1925 he/she wrote with Le Corbusier modern painting book, in this same year exhibits at the decorative art exhibition, in controversial L'Esprit Nouveau Pavilion. His mural designs of the 1920s and 1930s, culminating in a huge composition called life (1931-1938), which is located in the National Museum of modern art in 1929, published his book art. In 1932, he/she founded the Ozenfant Academy in London, which runs until 1938. Between 1939 and 1955, he/she teaches at the school of fine arts Ozenfant in New York. He/She lives in the United States until 1955, year in which returns to France where passes the rest of his life. He/She died in Cannes on May 4, 1966.


Flint, Lucy, the Collezione Peggy Guggenheim, New York, 1983.