Biography of José Antonio Páez (1790-1873)

Caudillo, general and Venezuelan politician. He/She was born in Curpa, Portuguesa State, June 13, 1790, and died in New York on May 6, 1873.

He began his studies in a private school in Guama. After their first steps in the trade, he/she traveled to Apure, where he/she worked as a pawn of a herd.

In 1813, he/she joined the Republican Army. Soon, after having obtained the triumph against Commander Miguel Marcelino, he/she was promoted to captain. That same year he/she was captured by the royalists, who managed to escape.

He participated in different campaigns with different pro-independence commanders. In 1814, he/she became a part of the battalion of Rafael Urdaneta in Barquisimeto. In 1815, he/she participated in the taking of Guasdualito. On this date, as Commander of a squadron of cavalry, he/she participated in the battle of Chire.

In 1816, commanding three hundred Spearmen, triumphed at the battle of Mata de Miel, victory that earned him the title of Lieutenant Colonel granted by the Government of New Granada. In 1816, he/she was elected head of Los Llanos and promoted to Brigadier general.

In January 1818 he/she met with Bolívar, interview from which emerged the union of both armies to fight against Pablo Morillo. Bolívar and Páez defeated Morillo in the battle of black hole.

At the end of that month he/she received the post of Governor of Barinas. The large number of victories obtained in the release of Los Llanos earned it the title of general of division, which received in San Juan de Payara, on January 20, 1819. That same month campaign carried out, along with Bolivar, the Apure.

On April 28, 1821 Battle of Carabobo preparations began. Páez, with his army of Apure, joined the liberating army in San Carlos, Cojedes State. June 24 was fought the battle of which the Republicans were victorious. He/She was promoted to general in Chief.

When Bolívar went to Colombia, Páez was as commanding general of the Apure district. From that position, he/she overcame the few realistic hot spots remaining in the area of Puerto Cabello.

After this victory, the country was in a State of emergency to new Spanish invasions. Given the situation of danger, in 1825 the Government of the Republic decreed military conscription that was left in the hands of Paez. In 1826 was accused of abuse of power and replaced from his post by Juan Escalona and summoned to trial.

Paez, along with his followers, refused to abide by the order of the central Government, negative that gave rise to the movement known as "The cosiata". In this way, the general broke relations with the Bogota Government, presided over by Santander, and undertook the struggle for separation of the Gran Colombia.

In 1827 he/she became port hair Bolivar, who chose to overlook what happened and acknowledged to Páez as superior and civilian Chief of Venezuela. Paez responded with the approval and recognition of Bolívar as President of Venezuela. Both came together in Caracas.

In the middle of that year, Bolívar left the country and Páez was gaining power within the territory. In this way, and along with Miguel Peña, he/she undertook again separatist campaigns. This movement culminated in 1829 with the separation of Venezuela from the Gran Colombia. In a meeting held in Caracas and commanded by Paez, it was decided to ignore the authority of Bolivar and the Government of Bogota, and appoint Páez as head the territory of Venezuela.

In 1830, he/she established a provisional Government and called elections, which was elected President. During this time he/she had to face several disadvantages, among the most outstanding can point out the rise of the Monagas brothers, José Tadeoand José Gregorio, which were placated through the establishment of certain agreements between the two sides.

In the elections of 1835 he/she gave command to José María Vargas. He/She spoke against the "revolution of the reforms", movement through which Santiago Mariño toppled the Presidency of Vargas. Paez freed Caracas and returned power to Vargas. He/She continued fighting until the following year, time that the uprisings were controlled.

In 1838, he/she was again elected President, in this mandate he/she held the remains of the Liberator to Venezuela. Carlos Soublette replaced it in 1843.

In 1846, he/she supported the candidacy of José Tadeo Monagas, who won the election. Paez, along with conservatives, tried to guide his Government. The President did not allow it and approached the guidelines of the Liberals.

Páez revolted against Monagas in the year of 1848, fell defeated, and emigrated to New Granada. He/She then settled in Curaçao. He/She invaded Venezuela the following year, but he/she was captured by general José Laurencio Silva. Monagas imprisoned him until 1950 in the castle of San Antonio de la Eminencia de Cumaná.

In the year of 1850 he/she was released and emigrated to various countries in Europe. After eight years abroad, Julián Castro, for the moment President of Venezuela, asked help to pacify the insurrections of the supporters of Monagas in the country. In 1959 he/she was appointed by the federal Government, COO of Carabobo. Shortly after he/she resigned and traveled to the United States.

In 1861 he/she returned to Venezuela and collapsed the Government of Pedro Gual in September of that year. Raw during 1862 and 1863, the war ended with the signing of the Treaty of car, for which the Government was awarded again to Paez.

At the end of the year 1863, he/she returned to the United States. In 1867, he/she was named illustrious hero of independence in South America. From that date until he/she died, he/she devoted himself to visit different countries in South America, which earned many honours. He/She died in New York in 1873. Their remains, which arrived in Venezuela in 1888, now rest in the national pantheon.