Pope Clement VII successor in the year 1534, born in road in 1468, and died in Rome in 1549, whose real name was Alessandro Farnesse (in Spanish, Alejandro Farnesio). He/She occupied the Throne from 1534 to 1549 in a truly fruitful pontificate for the Church. It to the vigorous reaction in favour of genuine reform; in order to restore the dogma - which was his greatest ambition-named several commissions of prelates and Cardinals, and appointed special commissions for the reorganization of the Chamber, the Chancellery, the penitentiary and the Tribunal of the Rota. It also issued several papal bulls; He/She worked tirelessly to establish the harmony of Christian princes and unite them against the Turk; approved and confirmed several religious orders that emerged at that time as the from the Jesuit (1540). It was a tremendously authoritative man in Pontifical plans, as reflected in the fact that under his rule the Council of Trent (1543), convening for what they had to overcome a number of difficulties: the rehusamiento of the Protestants, the refusal of the Duke of Mantua to the Council to meet in this city and the war which broke out between the King of France and the emperor. Finely, the Council ended up meeting in Trento, but had to move to Bologna because of a contagious disease that was declared in Trento.
The Pope fulfilled pastoral work which it had proposed, and spread the Catholic religion all over the world, especially for Africa, Asia and America, supporting missionaries and defending the Indians. He/She was a skilled diplomat and a great Pontiff, whose sole need was to provide excessive support to members of the Farnese House which came, which produced bitter disappointments, because while he/she was loved and respected, was not the same with their relatives, who were hated. He/She died in 1549 and Julius IIIsucceeded him. In consideration of the merits of the deceased, the College of Cardinals agreed to allocate 10,000 ducats for the construction of a tomb in the Basilica of San Pedro, which was entrusted to the sculptor Giacomo della Porta, and work which is not completed until the year 1576. Among the many artists who have represented Farnese, none has been as truthful as Titian, that to perfectly represent the strength and the extraordinary nature of this Pope.