Biography of Anna Pavlova Pavlova (1881-1931)

Russian dancer, born in Petersburgo on February 12, 1881 and died in beech on January 23, 1931.

He began his studies in 1891, at the age of ten years, in the school of Ballet of the Teatro Marinsky of St. Petersburg with Pavel Gerdt, Christian Johansson and Eugenia Sokolova, made his debut in the company on July 1, 1899 with the Vestal Virgin. She was a supporter of the reforms introduced by Fokine, and aspired to an interpretation of music at dances. In 1905, Mikhail Fokine created for her the death of the Swan, premiered in Petersburgo and presented at the Metropolitan Opera House in New York five years later. Named prima ballerina in 1906, conducted the premiere of the main roles in ballet Armida's Pavilion (1907), music (1908) and Egyptian nights (1908) of Fokine, some of whom returned to dance in the debut of the Ballets Russes of Diaghilev in Paris, the year 1909.

After several tours of London, New York, Prague and Berlin with Mikahil Mordkin as a partner, Anna Pavlova, still tied to the Marinsky Theatre, formed his own company in 1910. The group, consisting of only eight dancers in the beginning, was extended in 1913 to make a tour across America. Harcourt Algenaroff, Hilda Butsova, Laurent Novikoff, Ruth Page, Pierre Vladimirov and Alexander Volinine were some of his collaborators. World War I surprised her in Berlin, but got moved to London, where performed privately for the Eduardo King and Queen Alexandra.

The displeasure of Pavlova for the new choreographic tendencies that had led him to reject the main role of l'oiseau de Feu (1910) of Fokine, Diaghilev's Ballets Russes remained patent in the portfolio of his company, composed of many of the classics of the 19th century, as well as the ballet The Fairy Doll (1914) of Ivan Clustine, and Dragonfly (Kreisler1914), California Poppy (Tchaikovsky, 1916) and Autumn Leaves (Chopin, 1918) of the own Pavlova, among others. Five years toured across America, at the end of the war returned to Europe and began performing tours all over the world. The company remained for fifteen years, in which there are more than 4,000 performances by continents. These shows were organized by entrepreneur Victor D' André, often described as her husband, although a certificate showing it has not been found. Anna Pavlova died in the Hague of a pneumonia. In 1924, the actor Douglas Fairbanks filmed some of the solos of Pavlova, which subsequently became part of the film The immortal Swan (1956).

His most famous dance was the death of the Swan arranged for her by Fokine, with music by Saint-Saëns. I used to play dances specially adapted to it, which expressed moods, symbolize times or characterized flowers or creatures: leaves of autumn, Christmas, Oriental prints, dragon, etc. He inspired a whole generation and spread his love for ballet worldwide.