Biography of Gregory Peck (1916-2003)

Actor and producer of American cinema born on April 5, 1916 in La Jolla (California), and died on June 12, 2003 in Los Angeles.

Only son of a pharmacist from San Diego, Eldred Gregory Peck's parents divorced when he was five years old, by which lived with her grandmother during her childhood. He graduated from San Diego State College and began studying medicine at the University of California at Berkeley, who left to devote himself to the interpretation. He moved to New York and joined the Neighborhood Playhouse Theatre. She debuted on the Broadway stage in 1942 with the work of Emily Williams The Morning Star, which enjoyed great success. In that same year, 1942, married Greta Rice.

He returned to California shortly after to devote himself to cinema, which was established as an actor with quite easily due to the absence of numerous figures because of the second world war. After a test for the producer David o. Selznick and signed his first contract for the production company of screenwriter Casey Robinson, he debuted in cinema with Days of Glory (1944), of Jacques Tourneur. With his second film, the keys of the Kingdom (1944), John M. Stahl, he obtained a great success and was nominated for the Oscar for the first time for his portrayal of a Catholic priest. In his early films established his film personality with a series of very different characters, all of them men of great moral strength and integrity.

In a short time it signed contracts to work with some of the most important studios of the era, such as Metro Goldwyn Mayer, 20th Century Fox and RKO, and established a reputation as an actor, time which took the opportunity to work with the great stars of the moment. Together with Ingrid Bergman starred in remember (1945) by Alfred Hitchcock, which played a mental patient who maintains a relationship with your psychiatrist. It was nominated for the Oscar for the second time for Awakening (1946), Clarence Brown, adaptation of a novel by Marjorie Kinnan Rawlins where played the father of a child who protects a deer. The following year he was nominated for the third consecutive time by the invisible barrier (1947), Elia Kazan, in which it became clear a social and political commitment that will be a constant in his career. It gave life to a journalist who pretends to be Jewish to unmask the subtle anti-Semitism of the American society. His versatility as an actor enabled him to interpret a western so radical as duel to the Sun (1947), of King Vidor, or one of the best adaptations to the big screen of a text of Ernest Hemingway, passion in the jungle (1947), Zoltan Korda in narrow margin of time. It got its fourth nomination to the Oscar by its interpretation of a general on the brink of madness during the first bombardment of Germany during the second world war in souls on rough-hew (1949), Henry King.

Established as one of the most popular actors of his time after a long series of successes, Gregory Peck negotiated his appearances on the screen as a free-lance and gradually acquired greater control over his career. During the 1950s he shot some of his best films, such as holidays in Rome (1953), William Wyler, a classic of romantic comedy in which shared limelight with Audrey Hepburn in the film debut of actress. The melodrama the man in the grey suit (1956), of Nunally Jonson, in which played a solitary Executive or the failed Moby Dick (1956), John Huston, adaptation of the classic Herman Melville that embodied the tormented Captain Ahab were two good examples of its versatility as an actor and the variety of their roles. In 1955 he divorced his first wife and mother of his three sons and married Veronique Passani.

At the end of the fifties began to produce some of his films, which included horizons of greatness (1958), of William Wyler, an epic western that starred alongside Charlton Heston, and the end of terror (1962), Jack Lee Thompson, in which played a lawyer haunted by a former client that gives life Robert Mitchum. After four nominations, got his first and only Oscar as Best Actor for to kill a Mockingbird (1962), of Robert Mulligan, magnificent adaptation of the novel by Harper Lee, in which Peck played one of the fundamental roles of his career, the lawyer Atticus Finch, who defends a black man accused of rape in a small town in the South of the United Statesa character who seems tailor-made to suit their political and social concerns. Its activities in this area reached its zenith during the 1960s: a member of the National Council of the arts since 1964, was one of the main drivers of the establishment in 1967 of the American Film Institute (AFI) and its first President. In 1967 he was appointed President of the Academy of Arts and cinematographic Sciences, charge that became clear concern for the defence of civil rights by delaying the delivery of the 1968 Oscar ceremony following the assassination of Martin Luther King. In 1969 received from President Johnson the Medal of freedom, highest civilian award granted by the U.S. Government.

In the 1970s its interpretative activity is significantly reduced. After a series of professional failures, Gregory Peck lived one of his worst personal moments when his son major Jonathan, born in 1944 from his first marriage, committed suicide a shooting in 1975. His film career a small classic of cinema of terror that he met numerous sequels and imitations, and in the children of Brazil (1978), of Franklin J. Schaffner, went up the flight thanks to its appearance in the prophecy (1976), Richard Donner, adaptation of the best-selling book by Ira Levin in which played the nazi doctor Joseph Mengele. Almost retired during the 1980s, he devoted himself almost entirely to charitable activities as President of the American Association for the fight against Cancer and only appeared on the screen of testimonial form. Gringo viejo (1989), Luis Puenzo, in which replaced a sick Burt Lancaster, and Cape fear (1991), remake, directed by Martin Scorsese's 1962 eponymous film in which played a small role alongside Robert Mitchum, were two of their latest films. In 1986 he received the Donostia award at the 34TH International Film Festival of San Sebasti√°n and three years later Award from the American Film Institute.

Filmography

1944: Glory days; The keys of the reino.1945: remember; The Valley of the destino.1946: the awakening; Duel to the sol.1947: the invisible barrier; The Paradine process; Passion in the selva.1948: Sky amarillo.1949: the great sinner; Souls in the hoguera.1950: the pistolero.1951: only the brave; David and Bathseba; The hidalgo of the mares.1952: the world in your hands; The snows of Kilimanjaro; Pictura.1953: Vacation in Rome; The millonario.1954: Boum sur Paris; Decision at midnight; Plain roja.1956: the man in the grey suit; Moby Dick.1957: My suspicious esposa.1958: the Avenger mercilessly; Grandeza.1959 horizons: top of the heroes; The final hour; Days without vida.1961: Navarone.1962 cannons: the conquest of the West; Kill a Mockingbird; Cape of the terror.1963: Captain Newman.1964: and came the day of the venganza.1965: The love goddesses; Espejismo.1966: Espejismo.1969: the night of the Giants; McKenna gold; The shade of yellow Tsar; Caught in the espacio.1970: I watch the camino.1971: fuego.1973 circle: two Billy sombreros.1976: the profecia.1977: MacArthur, general rebelde.1978: children of the Brasil.1980: Lions marinos.1987: Amazing Grace and Chuck.1989: Gringo viejo.1991: with the money of others; Cape fear.

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