(Petros or Petrus) First Apostle and disciple of Jesucristo, called par excellence, Prince of the Apostles. Born in Bethsaida, was the son of Jonas and brother of San Andrés, and exercised the profession of fisherman. He/She received the teachings of San Juan Bautista, along with his brother Andrés, before going on to Jesus when the same Andrés led him to the Messiah. He/She was present at the wedding at Canaan, and after the episode of the miraculous catch of fish declared sinner when he/she received the blessing of Jesus.
His real name was Simon, but Jesus Christ, to carry it with him, called his name Cephas, meaning 'stone', where the Latin name of Petrus or Pedro came in Aramaic. He/She was about forty years old when he/she abandoned his profession to follow Jesus. After the passion, and the coming of the Holy Spirit, preached the doctrine of his master to the Jews in Pontus, Galatia, Bithynia, Cappadocia, etc.; He/She went to Caesarea, where also preached the same doctrines; in this region, Pedro got his inauguration, after a sign of belief in the divine nature of Jesus, who answered: "blessed you... because it is not meat nor blood who this has revealed to you, but my father who is in heaven. And I tell you you you are Pedro, and is stone I will build my church... "; Subsequently he/she was in Antioch, where he/she was the first pastor or prelate; and finally moved to Rome, and there established his episcopal Chair, beginning his pontificate, which lasted twenty-five years.
The first documents of his Ministry are eight speeches that collect the book of acts, written by San Lucas. In addition, two Epistles which reflected the fundamental dogmas of the faith and some reflections on the morals of Christianity are known. The second doubt about their authenticity among non-Catholic circles of Christianity. The hierarchy maximum of the Church, given by Christ to Pedro, extends to our time in the figure of the popes, "kept holy and explain faithfully the revelation transmitted by the Apostles," in the words of the document of the Council Vatican I, which refers to the proclamation of the dogma of infallibility of the popes, in the terms of the guarantee of the truth in matters of faith.
Thrown the Jews of Rome and renewed persecutions against the Christians, San Pedro was locked up in prison and crucified upside down (on request by not deemed worthy to die as his teacher) by order of Nero the year 67. Subsequently he/she died crucified on the Hill of the Vatican, in the same place where the basilica of San Pedro sits today. The Christian community dedicated several holidays to remember his work: the Chair, February 22; solemnity, on 29 June; and dedication, November 18.
In addition to the two Epistles above, are you atriibuyen other various works, as his actions, his Gospel and his apocalypse. San Linosucceeded him.