Biography of Juan Pereda Asbún (1931-VVVV)

Military and Bolivian politician, President of the Republic among the 21 July 1978 and on 24 November the same year, born in La Paz on June 17, 1931.

Raised in a middle-class family (his father was Spanish emigrated), Juan Pereda joined the army as a youngster, specifically at the military aviation school. After graduating at this institution, he/she studied aeronautics in Argentina and Italy. After his return to Bolivia, he/she held several positions in the Administration, including the aviation Attaché of the Embassy of Bolivia in Peru, Minister of trade and industry and Minister of the Interior. After the arrival to power of general Hugo Bánzer (1972), Pereda Asbun became one of his trusted men, and held the position of Chief of the air weapon within the Bolivian army in 1977.

Banzer confidence in Pereda Asbun was such that in 1978, under the pressure of the political forces of the country that Banzer convene democratic elections, the general appointed to the own Juan Pereda as his party's candidate. The battle at the ballot box was followed with excitement nationwide, battle that ended on July 9 with the victory of Pereda Asbun. However, the Electoral Court showed evidence that the general had committed electoral fraud, so Hugo Bánzer suspended the plebiscite. A few days later, on July 21, Pereda Asbun led a coup of State military who drove out of the Palacio's Government to Banzer, assuming dictatorial control of the country. The outgoing military began a series of political demonstrations around the new political party created by it, nationalist democratic action (ADN), which undermined the tenuous and fragile Government of Pereda. Finally, on November 24, 1978, another soldier, David Padilla Arancibia, commanded a new coup d ' état that ended the dictatorship of Pereda Asbun and began the transition to the democratic Government of Bolivia under President Guevara Arze. Since then, Pereda Asbun departed from Bolivian politics.