Biography of Inés Pérez de Castro (ca. 1320-1355)

Spanish Aristocrat born in Galicia towards 1320 and died in 1355 at the Royal Palace in Coimbra. He was the lover and more late the wife of King Pedro I of Portugal. Doña Inés was crowned two years after his murder.

A powerful Spanish family, Doña Inés was daughter of Pedro Fernández de Castro and Doña Beatriz, daughter of Prince don Alfonso de Portugal. In an era in which female education was not very common, Doña Inés had excellent teachers, that you posiblilitaron the domain of latin, Hebrew, Portuguese and French. For their exquisite education was chosen as the Lady-in-waiting of his cousin, the Princess Doña Constanza, promised to the infante don Pedro de Portugal.

The marriage of don Pedro and Doña Constanza occurred in 1340 and Doña Inés travelled to Portugal with the procession, Portuguese. According to the legend, the heir of the Portuguese throne fell it just meeting in Coimbra; What is certain is that both maintained an illicit relationship that obtained the reproach of all the Court. After the death of the Queen in 1345 Doña Inés and don Pedro married secretly (1354) and had four children: don Alfonso, don Juan, don Dionís and Doña Leonor. Having offspring of this marriage made leery to the heir, don Fernando and King Alfonso IV, who to prevent the children of Doña Inés usurpasen the legacy of don Pedro, ordered Álvaro González and Pedro Coello kill Galician and their children, though three of them managed to escape (1355). According to tradition, the murder of Doña Inés took place alongside the Fonte das Lágrimas, from the Royal Palace in Coimbra. When don Pedro met the death of Doña Inés took up arms against his father and when he ascended the throne (1357) made to severely punish those responsible for the death of his wife.

Doña Inés was crowned Queen two years after dead. The King made to dig up his body and made her dress with the richest galas and jewelry. Later, the nobility of the Kingdom recognized Doña Inés as their legitimate Queen in the monastery of Santa Clara, symbolizing his subservience towards her through the ceremony of kissing his ring. She was finally buried in a magnificent Tomb in the monastery of Alcobaça, with depictions of the life of Jesus, the resurrection and final judgment. The King and his sons Alfonso Juan and Dionis were buried beside her when death came.

Bibliography

BIRMINGHAM, D. history of Portugal. Cambridge, 1995.

MEDINA, j. (dir.) History of Portugal: two pre-historical tempos aos nossos days. Madrid, 1996.

PAINE, S. brief history of Portugal. Madrid, 1987.

VIANA, H. Luso history chapters. Lisbon, 1968.

JMMT